Note: The Web version of this issue of The Roots Tracer contains all of the words and all of the non-decorative graphics of the original paper version, but does not preserve the original typographical formatting.
ISSN0736-802X THE LIVERMORE ROOTS TRACER VOLUME XIII AUTUMN 1993 NUMBER 1 Livermore-Amador Genealogical Society PO Box 901 Livermore, California 94551
TABLE OF CONTENTS VOLUME XIII NUMBER 1 Message from the President 438 Programs at L-AGS Meetings 439 Calendar of Events 439 Query 439 The Bookshelf 440 Notes From All Over 443 Computer Notes 446 Eastern Migration Trails 448 Census Data 450 This Week in History 455
President David Abrahams lst VP and Membership Virginia Moore 2nd VP and Programs Jolene Abrahams Recording Secretary John Walden Corresponding Secretary Dixie Newbury Business Manager Clarence Parkison Publications Chairman George Anderson Publicity (Acting) Jolene Abrahams Livermore Cultural Arts Council Rep Don Johnson
The Roots Tracer is a quarterly publication with articles of interest to the genealogist. Members are encouraged to submit their "Profiles" as well as articles of general interest. Queries are free to members, $1.00 to non-members. The deadline for each quarterly is the 15th of June, September, December, and March. Send to: Roots Tracer, P. O. Box 901 Livermore, CA 94551 Any book presented to the Society will be reviewed in the quarterly along with the purchase price and address of the publisher. Our Library is located in the Pleasanton Public Library building, 400 Old Bernal Ave., Pleasanton, CA. Meetings are held on the 2nd Tuesday , monthly, 7:30 PM, at Congregation Beth Emek, 1866 College Ave., Livermore, CA. Membership in LAGS is open to any individual, library, or society. Our fiscal year is September 1 through August 31. Membership includes a subscription to the quarterly Roots Tracer.
Publications (Prices are postage paid): Surname Index (1988) $7.00 Livermore Cemeteries (1988) $19.00 Pleasanton, Dublin Cemeteries (1990) $14.00 The Bookshelf (1992) $3.00 Roots Tracer Index $6.00 Livermore Cemetery Index $6.00 (Prices subject to change) Send check or money order to: Livermore-Amador Genealogical Society P. O. Box 901, Livermore, CA 94551
MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT David Abrahams Once again it is time for me to write a few word about our Society and its doing. Long-time member Shirley Terry and her family are leaving the Livermore area due to an employment transfer. Shirley has been a big help to this organization through the years, and has served several terms as president. As a matter of fact, Shirley was one of the founding members of this Societyand its first president! She has been a major contributor to the organization by making presentations and providing guidance and help to all of us in our quest for learning. Shirley will be sorely missed by this Society. On behalf of L-AGS, it is my pleasure to wish you well, Shirley, and keep in touch with us! Your Society's finances are back in a position where we can make some additions to our library. Under the able leadership of George Anderson, Library Committee Chairman, several new volumes have been ordered and will appear on our shelves in the Pleasanton Library in the near future. From our Library Committee's "want list", several members have chosen to make purchases and donate them to the library. Currently, donations have been made by Judy Person, Jeanne Tanghe and George and Harriet Anderson. As these books are received, they, too, will be added to our library shelves. As you read these books, you will find that they have special book plates inside the covers indicating who made the donations. Thank you, thank you, thank you from L-AGS. L-AGS would also like to take this opportunity to thank Anastasia Alexander for donating a one year subscription to the BOZARTH BEACON to the Society. Look for it in the library.! Anyone wishing to donate a book or a magazine subscription to L-AGS should contact George Anderson. As a token of our appreciation for the joint sponsorship and the use of the LDS Church facilities for our Spring Genealogy Seminar, L-AGS has donated two new books to the Church's Family History Center in Livermore. They are The Source and Ancestry's Red Book. In addition, George and Harriet Anderson have donated to the FHC The Library - A Guide to the LDS Family History Library. With this issue of The Roots Tracer, we have published a new Meet the Members form. I urge all of you - new and old members alike - to remove this page from the Tracer, fill in the blanks, and return it to the editor (Jolene Abrahams). Those of you who have been members for some time may have had some additions and changes that we don't know about. As space permits, we would like to publish your information for all to read; however, we'll publish new members information first. You never know when someone who reads the Tracer will discover that he/she is related to you or working the same lines you are! BY THE WAY, DUES FOR THE COMING YEAR ARE DUE THIS MONTH. DON'T FORGET, WE HAVE MADE A ONE-TIME INCREASE TO COVER THE EXTENDED FISCAL YEAR CAUSED BY CHANGING THE SOCIETY'S BY-LAWS AND STANDING RULES.
PROGRAMS AT L-AGS MEETINGS The programs we have had at the last three L-AGS meetings have been absolutely outstanding. In July, our own Don Johnson gave us a slide presentation on his genealogical travels through South Dakota, during which he was able to find more information on his family history. Judy Svoboda gave us a vugraph-filled presentation on Eastern Migration Trails at our August meeting. With her permission, we have reprinted a list of Sources and Resources which she used to supplement her presentation. At the September meeting, Barbara Edkin spoke on census data 1790 - 1920, and gave us a thorough briefing on what was included in the census and when they were taken. We have also printed, with permission, of course, Barbara's handout. We wish to thank these fine people for taking time to put their presentations together, and, for the two ladies, traveling from their homes to Livermore on our behalf.
CALENDAR OF SELECTED GENEALOGICAL EVENTS (from various sources) 9 October 1993 LDS Church, Concord Stake, is sponsoring an all day seminar for beginners to experts. 8:30 am - 4:00 pm. 3700 Concord Blvd., Concord. Bring sack lunch! 23 October 1993 Seminar 93 at the Santa Clara Family History Center, 875 Quince Ave., Santa Clara. Six class periods from 9:00 am to 4:00 pm. More info: 408-241-1449 23 October 1993 Genealogical Society of Stanislaus County seminar featuring Dr. George Schweitzer. Modesto Center Plaza, 1000 K St., Modesto. 8:30 am - 4:00 pm. 4 November 1993 Genealogical Society of Stanislaus County bus trip to Sutro Library. Contact Irene Adler, 209-526-6595 15- 16 April 1994 The California Genealogical Society will hold the ninth Annual Family History Fair at The Fashion Center, 699 Eighth Street, S.F. 1 - 4 June 1994 NGS annual conference in Houston, Texas
QUERY Seeking place of marriage for Thomas F. FALLON and Catherine V. SILVER. They were married 5 June 1904. Also seeking the maiden name of Catherine's mother. Her Certificate of Death indicates that her father was Michael SILVER and mother's maiden name unknown. Thomas and Catherine are buried at Tulacay Cemetery in Napa, CA. Donald F. Foxworthy, 510 Overbrook Rd., Baltimore, MD 21212-2101
The Bookshelf We are happy to report in this issue on the acquisition of 14 new books for the LAGS Library. We had suffered a nine-month dry spell because one of our fund-raising sources fell through last year. Note that a number of books were donated. We encourage such gifts, of course. They can be made out of a spirit of philanthropy, or in memory of a loved one. We will be happy to inscribe the book with a memorial message of your choice. Remember that our by-laws provide that the gift book will be returned if it is ever removed from the library. ******************** Polish Roots: Korzenie Polskie. 1993. By Rosemary A. Chorzempa. Published by Genealogical Publishing Company. 240+xxii pages, 6x9 inches, soft cover, unindexed. Maps, illustrations. $17.95. Purchased by LAGS. Books on Polish genealogy have been conspicuously lacking in the LAGS library until now. This book, and another now on order, will remedy that void. Above: Cover design from "Polish Roots." This design was cut from a single sheet of paper using the old Polish art from, "wyeinaki." Rosemary Chorzempa is a national director of the Polish Genealogical Society of America. She tries in this volume to dispel the impression, so easily formed, that Polish history and the Polish language are too complex to allow successful research in genealogy. She starts from the beginning with "The Trunk in the Attic," where letters from the old country may be hiding, and proceeds to describe the gamut of US records that may be helpful, libraries with Polish material, and Polish genealogical societies. Part two of Ms. Chorzempa's book jumps to Poland with a description of life in that country, its amazing number of ethnic groups and its geographic and ethnic areas. Did you know that there have been sizable immigrations of Scotch, Irish, Dutch and English into Poland in the past? That there are many place names in Poland that memorialize these immigrations, such as Nowa Skocja, Skotniki and Szkotowo do for the Scotch? I didn't. Next follow chapters on church and civil records from Poland. Again the diversity of religions is surprising, against the common perception that all Poles are Roman Catholics. More surprises in the chapter on surnames, where it is learned that fourteen different languages have contributed names to Polish families. The Polish language, so daunting in appearance to English-speakers, is dealt with next, along with Latin, which is often used in church records. Finally, there are tips on writing letters to Poland, and on making that first trip to the ancestral country. This book is a peek into a new world for me, and it all sounds so challenging and interesting that I'm thinking of turning Polish. ******************** Marriage, Census and other Indexes for Family Historians. 1992. By Jeremy Gibson and Elizabeth Hampson. Published by Genealogical Publishing Co. 60 pages, 6x9 inches, soft cover, self indexed. $7.50. Donated to LAGS by Judy Person. You can't tell from the title, but this book is about records in Great Britain only. The authors have searched out little-known indexes to genealogical information, some compiled by local history groups, some by private entrepreneurs willing to share the results of their efforts for a fee. Small but densely packed with information, this index of indexes almost requires a magnifying glass to read. Each cited index is fully described with regard to the type of data, the time span and geographical area covered, the cost (if any) of mail order searches, and the mailing address of the indexer. ******************** Guide to Local and Family History at The Newberry Library. 1987. By Peggy Tuck Sinko. Published by Ancestry. 202+viii pages, 6x9 inches, hard cover, indexed. $16.95. Donated to LAGS by Judy Person. Any list of the top ten genealogical libraries of the US would include The Newberry in Chicago. The author of this guide was on the staff of the Local and Family History section there for over 10 years. Her descriptions of the collections are frank - she doesn't mind saying that the holdings in certain areas are poor, or those in certain other areas are the best in the country. We may be used to thinking of libraries in terms of books alone, but a good research library collects much more: manuscripts, newspapers, periodicals, city directories, maps, microfilms. Rare manuscripts are a specialty at The Newberry. Two of its departments that include rare papers are the Edward E. Ayer Collection, concentrating on the relations between Europeans and the native people of the New World (including one fascinating subcategory "Indian Captivity Narratives"), and the Everett D. Graff Collection, dealing with the nineteenth-century American frontier. Mr. Graff's collection on his native state of Iowa is said to be the best in the US, and since he was born in Page Co., Iowa, where my grandfather settled, I hope to have a chance to dig into it some day. There seems to be something special for everybody at The Newberry: a set of six-inch-to-the-mile maps of Ireland in the 1800s, a good Polish collection, outstanding holdings on Native Americans, over 17,000 family genealogies, an extensive collection on US religious denominations. Reading this guide is like looking at travel brochures during the depths of the rainy season - it makes you want to drop everything and go there. ******************** The Wuerttemberg Emigration Index. Volumes 1-6. 1992. By Trudy Schenk and Ruth Froelke. Published by Ancestry, Inc. 1764 pages total. 6x9 inches, cloth cover, maps. $99.95 total. Donated by George and Harriet Anderson. Above: Illustration on the dust cover of the six volumes of "The Wuerttemberg Emigration Index." At the beginning of the last century, Wuerttemberg was an independent country, one of the principalities that eventually coalesced into modern Germany. Emigration from Wuerttemberg has always been heavy, and the rulers of the country have always kept good records of who wanted to leave. At least they tried to, but illegal emigration (that's a twist!) was an easy option for those denied permission to leave. The archives of Wuerttemberg at Ludwigsburg contain over one million of these applications for emigration. Some of the documents contain a great deal of information, but even though the whole collection was filmed by the LDS church, it was still almost useless to genealogists because there was no index. The Gothic script and frightful cacography were further deterrents. The compilers of these six volumes are native-born Germans and professional genealogists who have done a great service for genealogy by deciphering and indexing the Wuerttemberg records up through 1900. There are 82,000 names in all, each listed with date and place of birth, date of application for emigration, destination and film number. Most emigrants were headed for North America, but large numbers gave their destination as Russia, Eastern Europe, Austria, South America and Australia. ******************** Writing the Family Narrative. 1987. By Lawrence P. Gouldrup. Published by Ancestry, Inc. 157 +xiii pages, 6x9 inches, soft cover, indexed. $10.95. If you think that just getting together the facts about your ancestors and writing them down is all there is to a family history, you would not pass the course that Mr. Gouldrup teaches. He attempts in this book to inspire genealogists to aim higher - to produce "a carefully crafted and focused piece of writing built around a specific theme." Mr. Gouldrup is a teacher of creative writing. He has disdain for "the genealogist who has compiled scores of pedigree charts and family group sheets and who, with literally hundreds of disjointed facts and details, blunders into writing a family history." What he proposes instead is that the prospective author search for meaning and depth in the lives he is chronicling, and then inject a plot into his narrative. For the genealogist who expects to have his masterwork read, and even read enjoyably, this book is invaluable. It contains dozens of good and bad examples, many how-to tips, and extensive bibliographies. ******************** How to find my German Ancestors and Relatives. 1985. By Dr. Heinz F. Friederichs. Published by Degener and Co., Neustadt. 16 pages, 6x9 inches. A small pamphlet with a concise history of Germany as it applies to genealogy. Includes a useful list of archives and genealogical societies in Germany. The translation into English is at times entertaining. ******************** Index to Pennsylvania's Colonial Records Series. 1992. By Dr. Mary Dunn. Published by Genealogical Publishing Company. 228+xi pages, 6x9 inches, hard cover. $20. Donated to LAGS by Judy Person. The papers in the archives of Pennsylvania are among the most carefully preserved of historical records. Most are in print and on microfilm. Until this book, however, there had not been a complete name index to the 16 volumes of the pre-Revolutionary records. There are 27,000 names in Dr. Dunn's index, evidence that, as Jonathan Stayer says in his foreword to the book, "Pennsylvania's colonial governments often became entangled in the personal lives of their citizens." This index allows researchers to rescue some 27,000 individuals from unindexed obscurity. ******************** German Immigrants. Lists of Passengers Bound from Bremen to New York. 1867-1871. Volumes 3 and 4. By Gary J. Zimmerman and Marion Wolfert. Genealogical Publishing Co. 1988. 455 pages total, 6x9 inches, cloth cover. $46.50 total. Purchased by LAGS. LAGS already owns the first two volumes of this worthy series. Details about the books can be found in my review in The Roots Tracer, Vol.7, No.1, Fall 1987 (you do keep your Tracers on file, don't you?). ******************** The New England Historical and Genealogical Register. Volume XI, 1857; Volume XII, 1858. Reprinted by Heritage Books, 1993. 760 pages total, 6x9 inches, soft cover, subject and name indexes. Donated to LAGS by the publisher. The Register in the 1800s was certainly the best genealogical journal of its time. A list of some of the topics in Volume 11 serves to illustrate the classic nature of the information then being published by the Register: Genealogies: Adams, Fillmore, Fowler, Franklin, Hildreth. Memoirs about: Pres. John Adams, Gen. William Hull, Pres. Thomas Jefferson, Henry Jocelyn, Gen. George Washington. Other records: New London, CT inscriptions; Malden, MA vital records; Suffolk Co., MA wills; Hampton, NH inscriptions; marriages and deaths from newspapers; Lane family papers; index to Yorkshire, England, pedigrees; Farmington, CT church records.
Old Cornish epitaph, quoted in the New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Volume XI, page 67, 1857. Here lies Ned. I am glad he is dead. If there must be another, I wish 'twere his brother, And for the good of the Nation His whole relation.
NOTES FROM ALL OVER MILITARY RECORD FREE FOR ASKING by Sam Ewing Veterans can inspect their military service records, and correct and mistakes they find. The information is as close as the nearest mailbox and comes free within a month. According to the Department of Defense, a veteran's service record is kept for his or her lifetime, plus 25 years. Curious outsiders can't invade the files, either, according to William Cavaney, director of the Defense Department's Privacy Office. Information is for the veteran's eyes only. For a free copy of a military history write to: National Personnel Records Center 9700 Page Boulevard St. Louis Missouri 63172 The letter of request should include: Name, Current address, Social Security or military service number (or both), Date and place of birth, Branch of the military served in, Date of separation from the service, Place of discharge. Errors in your records can be corrected by contacting the nearest office of the Veterans Administration, the American Legion or Veterans of Foreign Wars and filing the proper forms. Even if the military doesn't agree, federal law requires that they place the veteran's version in the file. A veteran's military history, for decades hush-hush, is available thanks to the Freedom of Information act passed by Congress. From SENIOR - The Capitol City Edition, November 1991. ******************** VIRGINIA STATE ARCHIVES CHANGES The Virginia State Library and Archives will assess a research service fee of $10.00 for replies to all out-of-state requests for research services effective August 1, 1993. The research service fee must be paid at the time an inquiry is submitted. The research process includes: * locating the information or records desired * examining the material for content * determining the method of reproduction * marking of material for reproduction, if necessary * preparing a reply or order form The fee covers up to 30 minutes of staff research the three xerographic copies if information is found. If more than three copies are made, or if copies from microfilm are required, a bill for the additional copies will be included with the response. If the search is negative, the search process will conclude with a reply delineating those material examined. If extended, in-depth research is required, a list of professional researchers familiar with the printed and manuscript material in our collections will be furnished. All visitors are welcome to use, free of charge, the printed and manuscript resources of the Virginia State Library and Archives during the hours of 8:15 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Saturday, except on legal holidays. An experienced professional staff is available to answer questions and to provide assistance in using our resources. Correspondents are also encouraged to consult their local library or historical society for information and assistance. From an announcement received from the Commonwealth of Virginia, August 1993 ******************** VITAL RECORDS OF MASSACHUSETTS The Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Registry of Vital Records and Statistics, Boston, MA has on October 5, 1992 raised their research fee to $3.00/hr at the Registry. Their hours for research are Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday 9:00 am to 12:00 pm and 2:00 pm to 4:30 pm. These fees became effective as of August 1, 1992: Birth, Death, or Marriage - 1st is $6.00 ordered in person; additional copies ordered at the same time in person at the State Registry are $6.00; search including one medical research copy or certified copy, or an official statement that a record is not on file for 10 year search $11.00; additional copies ordered by mail $11.00; Credit card requests (birth records only) $19.00 with a $5.00 Vital-check fee; mail requests for expedited two day service $14.00; decorative heirloom certificates (birth & marriage only) ordered in person $25.00; decorative heirloom certificates (birth & marriage only) ordered by mail $30.00. From the McLean County Genealogical Society Newsletter, May 1993 ******************** SASKATCHEWAN VITALS Saskatchewan Canada birth, death and marriage records can be ordered from Vital Statistics, Saskatchewan Health, 1919 Rose St., Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada S4P 3V7. Photocopies are restricted to family members for genealogical purposes. State your reason when applying for copies and state if individual is deceased. Copy, if found, and search fee is $20 Canadian. From the McLean County Genealogical Society Newsletter, May 1993, via Tree Tracers ******************** ALASKA GOLD RUSH If an ancestor participated in the Alaska gold rush, consult Dawson City Museum and Historical Society, P. O. Box 303, Dawson City, Yukon YOB 160. Be sure to include a postal reply coupon to cover the return postage. From the McLean County Genealogical Society Newsletter, May 1993, via Jots from the Point ******************** FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY The new FamilySearch Center opened in July 1993 in the remodeled Joseph Smith Memorial Building which was formerly the Hotel Utah. Resources in the new center include: 206 computers dedicated to the FamilySearch program; Family Group Records collection (8 million plus pages); 1920 US census and soundex on microfilm. These sources were selected as mostly likely needed by patrons newly introduced to researching their family history. The same information is duplicated at the Family History Library so that patrons will not have to move from one resource center to the other. A beautiful and extremely popular movie entitled "Legacy" plays in the full-size movie theater in the building. I was in Salt Lake City four times this summer and never managed to get in due to tickets being given out already. Things should slow down in the winter so I can report on it personally. By the Editor, CSGA Newsletter, Vol. 11, No. 9 (September 1993) ******************** KISSING AND MARRYING COUSINS Apparently finding our ancestors marrying cousins shouldn't be a source of concern. According to Dr. James V. Neel of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, "Inbreeding is not a bad thing. In a population with inbreeding, you are flushing out a higher proportion of deleterious genes than in a population that is not inbreeding." Dr. Neel, joined by other scientists, believe that the benefits of marriages within the family out- weigh the most modest biological hazards. Frequency of major genetic defects was only 1.5 % higher in marriage of cousins than it was in marriages of unrelated people. From the Orange Co. Register, 2/15/93, via CSGA Newsletter, Vol. 11, No. 9 (September 1993) ******************** MORE CALIFORNIA SOURCES The Smithsonian magazine reported in April 1993 that Sutro's library was stored in two warehouses, only one of which burned in the 1906 fire. His heirs donated the surviving books to the State of California, and the library opened to the public in 1917. Rare books constitute 60% of the collection. However, the genealogical materials, much donated by others, makes up 90% of the library's use and is the biggest such collection west of Salt Lake City. The California Genealogy Society at 300 Brannan Street, San Francisco, is open Wednesday, Thursday and Saturday from 9 am to 4 pm. They have recently acquired 180 volumes from the City and County of San Francisco. The Registers of Actions regard probate and over probate number 1 to 900,000, over the period from 1906 to 1940's. They are currently being indexed. San Francisco Ship Passenger Lists, Vol. I, by Louis J. Rasmussen, is available from Clearfield Company, 200 East Eager Street, Baltimore, MD 21202. If you order from Clearfield, tell them you saw it in an Alliance Newsletter. From the CSGA Newsletter, Vol. 11, No. 9 (September 1993) ******************** SANTA CLARA CITY CENTRAL LIBRARY REPAIR PROJECT According to the Santa Clara Co. Historical and Genealogical Society, a major building renovation/repair project will take place at the Santa Clara Central Library. The building addition which was completed in 1980, will be closed to staff and public use while repairs are made to the area. Large portions of the genealogy, art, cookbook, handicrafts, science fiction, and young adult collections are not going to be available during the project. Equipment and microfilm kept in the area may also be unavailable. Patrons should contact the library to check on services before planning a visit. The number to call is 408-984-3235. The schedule for the project may be from late September 1993 through the end of December 1993, but the exact dates are not available at this time.
PLEASANTON PUBLIC LIBRARY HOURS Monday & Tuesday 1 PM - 8 PM Wednesday & Thursday 10 AM - 6 PM Friday Closed Saturday 2 PM - 6 PM Sunday 1 PM - 5 PM DUBLIN LIBRARY HOURS Monday & Tuesday 1 PM - 8 PM Wednesday 1 PM - 6 PM Thursday 10 AM - 6 PM Friday & Sunday Closed Saturday 9 AM - 12:30 PM
COMPUTER NOTES REVIEW OF GENEALOGY SOFTWARE John Walden The Genealogical Computing Journal annual review of genealogy software was just published. They list computer specifications required to run the software and discuss what many of the programs can do. For many of the programs, they also list where there is a review of the software. To give you an idea of what is available, look at the following table. Find your computer operating system in the left column and look across the table to see how many software programs of specific types are available for your system. For example, if you have an MS-DOS operating system and you are interested in a report or chart making program, you have a total of 8 available on the market. TYPE OF SOFTWARE
|OPERATING SYSTEM||LINEAGE LINKED DATABASES||REPORT/CHART MAKING||HISTORY WRITING||INDEXING||RESEARCH TOOLS|
******************** ITEM The Spring 1993 issue of Genealogical Computing lists 29 different genealogical databases available. The databases vary from ethnic to specific family lines to government records. ******************** ITEM Interested in utility programs for your main genealogy program? There are 17 programs available for PAF, 6 for Roots III, 1 each for Family Roots, Family Edge and Family Tree listed in Computer Genealogy. ******************** CD-ROM, WHAT IS IT? G. E. Robinson By definition, CD-ROM stands for Compact Disc - Read Only Memory. The discs are almost identical to the conventional audio discs that everyone is familiar with today. However, you can't play them in your CD-Audio system without risk of damaging your speakers. In order to be able to read the information stored on a CD-ROM you must use a CD-ROM drive installed either internally or externally to your personal computer. The most substantial difference between the two is that additional error detection and correction circuitry is built into the CD-ROM drives to preserve the accuracy of the data on the disc. In addition, you will also need the software that is specifically designed to be used with your CD- ROM drive and the disc you are using to have access to the data that is contained on the disc. Interface cards may be needed for the CD-ROM drive to communicate with your personal computer. Interface cards are either proprietary (they will only work with one drive) or are somewhat standardized (such as SCSI, Small Computer Systems Interface). These cards are always needed with IBM or compatible computer systems but are not needed for Apple Macintosh systems, since MACs have SCSI ports already installed. Also, with SCSI, you can "chain" up to seven drives on a single card. Today, you can only read the information that is contained on your CD-ROM disc. About 600 megabytes of data, the equivalent of 416 hi-density 3 1/2 inch discs, can be stored on one CD-ROM disc. Recently, they have been able to compact the data and store about 3000 megabytes of data on a single CD-ROM disc. For instance, the entire Social Security Death Index can be stored on two CD-ROM discs. The ability to access such large amounts of data from your personal computer in relatively short periods of time is of benefit to all of us doing genealogy. Your searches for information can be completed in seconds. Also, since the CD-ROM is merely another source of data, you can download to your printer or to another floppy disc. If this is so good, why doesn't everyone using a computer add CD-ROM capability? First, drives cost about $300 and not everyone is willing to spend the money for that capability. Second, the data on a CD-ROM is like the data in a reference book and the disc must be reissued, just like the reference book, when new data/information becomes available. Lastly, the software must be available for your system and is the reason why most MAC systems do not have CD-ROM capability installed. The September 1993 issue of PC Computing listed the following minimum specs for your CD-ROM drive: Transfer Rate - 150-300 KPS; Access time - 400 ms for MPC Level II; Ondrive cache - 64 K; Interface - SCSI; Compatibility - High Sierra (data), CompactDisc (audio) and PhotoCD (still photography) with multisession support; Audio - Output jack and volume control; Packaging - Internal. You should avoid: Proprietary interfaces and drives that are not MPC or MPC Level II compatible. I hope this answers a few of your questions concerning CD-ROM discs and how they can be used for quick data access.
EASTERN MIGRATION TRAILS: SOURCES and RESOURCES Compiled by Judy Svoboda for presentation at the CGS Family History Fair, San Francisco, 19 April 1991* RAILWAYS, CANALS and RIVERWAYS: National Railway Historical Society Association of Railway Museums Box 58153 Box 3311 Philadelphia, PA 19102 City of Industry, CA 91744 Cincinnati & Hamilton County Public Library Research Library Documentation Center 800 Vine St. Wrightlock Bldg., Erie Blvd. East Cincinnati, OH 45202 Syracuse, NY ARTICLES: The call numbers that follow each listing are those of the Santa Clara Public Library or (Cecil H. Green Library at Stanford). "The Pattern of Migration and Settlement on the Southern Frontier", Frank L. Owsley, Journal of Southern History, v. XI, 1945. "Sources of Southern Migration into the Old Northwest", John Barnhart, Mississippi Valley Historical Review, v. 22, 1953, pp. 46-62. "The Westward Flow of Southern Colonists Before 1861", William O. Lynch, Journal of Southern History, IX, 1943. BOOKS: All call numbers that follow the title are those of the Santa Clara Public Library or (Cecil H. Green Library at Stanford). Atlas of American History, Charles Scribners' Sons, New York, 1984. R911/A21. Bailyn, Bernard, Voyagers From the West. 304.873/B16. Billington, Ray Allen, Westward Expansion: A History of the American Frontier, New York, 1949. 973/B59. Birkbeck, Morris, Notes on a Journey in America, London, 1818. (F518/B5/1818). Letters from Illinois. (917.73/B711). Clark, Thomas D., Trails in the Old South. (Z1251/S764). The Rampaging Frontier. (917.7/C595). Frontier America: the Story of the Western Movement. 973/C59. Three Frontiers. 973/C59. The Great American Frontier. 973/C59. Frontiers in Conflict: The Old Southwest, 1795 - 1830. Cushman, Dan, The Great North Trail, New York, 1966. 970/C98. Daniels, Jonathan, The Devil's Backbone, The Story of the Natchez Trace, New York, 1962. 976.2/D16. Deiler, J. Hanno, The Settlement of the German Coast of Louisiana and the Creoles of German Descent, Philadelphia, 1909. (F380/G3D29/1970). Freeman, Lewis R., Waterways of Western Wandering. (917.7/F855). Gates, Paul W., The Illinois Central Railroad, Cambridge, 1934. (385.0937/129g). The Farmer's Age. (330.91/G259). Hulbert, Archer, The Paths of Inland Commerce, New York, 1920. 386/H91. Records of the Original Proceedings of the Ohio Company, Marietta, 1917. Soil: its Influence on the History of the United States with Special Reference to Migration and the Scientific Study of Local History. Historic Highways of the Americas, 16 vols. 1902 - 1905. The Old National Road, Columbus, 1901. Braddocks Road and the Three Relative Papers. Irwin, B. William, Migration Routes: The Atlantic and the Middlewest. Keffer, Marion C., Migration to - from Canada, Ann Arbor. GS929.371/K26. Kincaid, Robert L., The Wilderness Road, Middlesboro, KY, 1973. Contains maps that show place names. GS/976.9/K51. Ladd, Richard S., Maps Showing Explorers' Paths, Trails, and Early Roads in the United States: An Annotated List, Washington, 1962. G912/U58. Lewis, Marcus, The Development of Early Emigrant Trails. GR/970.3/L67. Lytle, William, Merchant Steam Vessels in the United States 1807 - 1868. (VM/L99). Mathews, William, American Diaries - An Annotated Bibliography of American Diaries Written Prior to the Year 1861, 1961. Modelski, Andrew M., Railroad Maps of North America's 1st 100 Years. R/912.13/M68. Pawlett, Nathaniel M., Historic Roads of Virginia: A Brief History of the Roads of Virginia, 1607 - 1840, Virginia Highway and Transportation Research Council. Ramsay, Robert W., Carolina Cradle: Settlement of the Carolina Frontier 1747 - 1762, Chapel Hill, 1964. GS975.6/R18. Rivers of America Series. This series is represented by 59 volumes, each on an individual river. Representatives of the series are found in most public libraries. Rosenberry, Lois K. Mathews, The Expansion of New England; the Spread of the New England Settlements and Institutions to the Mississippi River, 1620 - 1865. 1909. (973/M429). The Erie Canal and the Settlement of the West. (974.79/B929/v.14). Migrations from Connecticut Prior to 1800. (974.6/C73/#28). Shaw, Ronald E., Erie Water West, University of Kentucky Press, 1966. 386.4/S53. Steele, Oliver O., Steele's Western Guide and Emigrant's Directory, Containing Different Routes Through the States of New York, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan, with Short Descriptions of the Climate, Soil, Production, Prospects, & c., 5th Edition, Buffalo, 1836. Way, Frederick, Way's Packet Dictionary, 1848 - 1903. Ohio University Press. (HE565.U5W39). Way's Steamboat Directory. (HE395/U71W3). Western Rivers Towboats Directory. (HE565/W71W34). Western Writers of America, Water Trails West. 386.0973/W52. Trails of the Iron Horse. Wilhelm, H. G. H., Origins and Distributions of Settlements Group in Ohio. * Reprinted with permission of the compiler, Judy Svoboda.
CENSUS DATA by Barbara Edkin CENSUS OF 1790 (census day - 2 August) Place of residence; name of head of household; numbers of free persons (white and others) and number of slaves in age/sex groupings. Originals available for Conn., Maine, Maryland, Mass., NH, NY, NC, PA, RI, SC, and VT (these have been indexed and published). Del., GA, KY, NJ, Tenn., and VA were lost or destroyed, and contemporary tax lists or state enumerations have been used to substitute, and are published. Had to be completed by 9 months from the 1st Monday in August. CENSUS OF 1800 (census day - 4 August) Place of residence; name of head of household; numbers of free. persons (except Indians not taxed); number of slaves, all in groupings by age and sex. Had to be completed by 9 months from the 1st Monday in August. CENSUS OF 1810 (census day - 6 August) Same as 1800. Manufacturing Schedules are mostly lost for this year. Had to be completed by months from the 1st Monday in August. CENSUS OF 1820 (census day - 7 August) Place of residence; name of head of household; numbers of free persons (except Indians not taxed); number of slaves, all in groupings by age and sex; number of foreigners not naturalized; number engaged in specific job classifications (including slaves). Manufacturing Schedules are unindexed, located in "Indexes to Mfg Census". Had to be completed by 13 months from the 1st Monday in August. CENSUS OF 1830 (census day - 1 June) Place of residence; name of head of household; numbers of free persons (except Indians not taxed) all in 5- year age groupings, by sex; number of slaves in various age/sex groupings; number of foreigners not naturalized; number white and colored persons deaf, dumb and blind. Manufacturing Schedules were not done for this year. Had to be completed by 12 months from June 1. CENSUS OF 1840 (census day - 1 June) Place of residence; name of head of household; numbers of free persons in 5-year age groupings by sex; number of slaves in various age/sex groupings; number of persons in specific job classifications; name and age of Revolutionary War pensioners or military service; number white and colored persons deaf, dumb and blind, and insane and idiotic; students in primary and common schools, academic and grammar schools, and universities and colleges; number of white persons over 20 who cannot read and write. Veterans Schedule available which helps to locate specific military unit and service, as well as unknown burial places for Revolutionary War veterans (through survivors). Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used - helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Manufacturing Schedules are not located, as of this writing. Had to be completed by 18 months from June 1. CENSUS OF 1850 (census day - 1 June) Place of residence; name, age, sex, color; (general) place of birth; if married or attended school within the year; value of real estate owned; if deaf/dumb, blind, insane idiotic, pauper, or convict of each member of the household, as well as profession, occupation or trade for each male over 15. Mortality Schedule for deaths occurring during the 12 months prior to the census day. Slave schedules available (use with probate inventories, tax rolls, bills of sale, estate labor registers, etc. to locate and identify specific person. Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used - helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Manufacturing Schedule for other than land-owners (called "Industry Schedule"). Social Statistics includes information on cemetery facilities, churches (with brief history), and trade societies, lodges, clubs etc. (good for immigrants who tended to stay with their own). Had to be completed by 5 months from June 1. CENSUS OF 1860 (census day - 1 June) Place of residence; name, age, sex, color, place of birth; if married or attended school within the year; value of real estate owned; value of personal estate; or if deaf/dumb, blind, insane idiotic, pauper, or convict of each member of the household, as well as profession, occupation or trade for each male and female over 15; and if unable to read and write for persons over 20. Mortality Schedule for deaths occurring during the 12 months prior to the census day. Manufacturing Schedule for other than land-owners (called "Industry Schedule"). Slave schedules available (use with probate inventories, tax rolls, bills of sale, estate labor registers, etc. to locate and identify specific person. Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used - helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Social Statistics includes information on cemetery facilities, churches (with brief history), and trade societies, lodges, clubs etc. (good for immigrants who tended to stay with their own). Indian Census (from Bureau of Indian Affairs) has no master index and only by tribe. Only indicates Indians living in non-Indian households. Had to be completed by 5 months from June 1. CENSUS OF 1870 (census day - 1 June) Place of residence; name, age, sex, color (includes Chinese and Indian); place of birth; if father or mother is foreign born; month if born or married within the year; if attended school within the year; value of real estate owned; value of personal estate; or if deaf/dumb, blind, insane idiotic, pauper, or convict of each member of the household, as well as profession, occupation or trade for each male and female over 15; if unable to read or write for persons 10 years and over; if US citizen for males 21 and over; if the right to vote of a male citizen has been challenged/denied on grounds other than rebellion or other crime. Mortality Schedule for deaths occurring during the 12 months prior to the census day. Manufacturing Schedule for other than land-owners (called "Industry Schedule"). Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Social Statistics includes information on cemetery facilities, churches (with brief history), and trade societies, lodges, clubs etc. (good for immigrants who tended to stay with their own). Indian Census (from Bureau of Indian Affairs) has no master index and only by tribe. Only indicates Indians living in non-Indian households. Had to be completed by I month from June 1, except in specific sized cities. CENSUS OF 1880 (census day - 7 June) Place of residence (including street address in cities); name, age, sex, color, place of birth, relationship to head of household; marital status; place of birth of father and mother; month if born or married within the year; if attended school within the year; value of real estate owned; value of personal estate; or if deaf/dumb, blind, insane idiotic, maimed, crippled, bedridden, or otherwise disabled, of each member of the household; as well as profession, occupation or trade (and number of months unemployed during the census year); if sick or temporarily disabled so as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or duties (and nature of disability); if unable to read or write. Mortality Schedule for deaths occurring during the 12 months prior to the census day. Manufacturing Schedule for other than land-owners. old title for this year. Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used - helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Social Statistics includes information on cemetery facilities, churches (with brief history), and trade societies, lodges, clubs etc. (good for immigrants who tended to stay with their own). Indian Census in NARS Record Group 29 (Dakota, CA and Washington Territory). No master index, only by tribe. Had to be completed by 1 month from June 1, except in specific sized cities. CENSUS OF 1890 (census day - 1 June) Most were destroyed by fire in 1921. Format is different, but contains much of the 1900 information. Check out actual census for some counties of KY, and some states after KY (in alphabetical listing). Many Societies have attempted to replace these with tax rolls or voter registration rolls, and the suspect county and state should be checked to see if it is one of the lucky ones! Veterans Schedule to help trace Civil War veterans to places of origin. Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used - helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Indian Census in NARS Film group M-595. No master index, only by tribe. Taken at regular intervals. Had to be completed by 1 month from June 1, except in specific sized cities. CENSUS OF 1900 (census day - 1 June) Place of residence (including street address in cities); name, age, sex, color; month, year and place of birth; relationship to head of household; marital status; number years married to current spouse; number of children born to the woman; and number of those still living; place of birth of father and mother; year of immigration to US; number of years in US; and if naturalized/declaration of intention files/or an alien; occupation; number of months unemployed; how many months attended school within the year; for each member of the household; if able to read, write, or speak English; if home is owned or rented; if owned, is it mortgaged; is home a farm or house only. Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used - helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Indian Census in NARS Film group M-595. No master index, only by tribe. Taken at regular intervals. Had to be completed by 1 month from June 1, except in specific sized cities. CENSUS OF 1910 (census day - 15 April) Place of residence (including street address in cities); name, age, sex, color; month, year and place of birth; relationship to head of household; marital status; number years married to current spouse; number of children born to the woman, and number of those still living; place of birth of father and mother; year of immigration to US; number of years in US; and if naturalized/declaration of intention filed/or an alien; occupation; type of industry; employer/employee/self employed (if employee, if out of work on 15 April 1910, and number of weeks out of work during 1909) ; how many months attended school within the year; for each member of the household; if able to read, write, or speak English (if not, language spoken) ; if home is owned or rented; if owned, is it mortgaged; is home a farm or house only; if a survivor of the Union or Confederate Army or Navy; if blind in both eyes; if deaf and dumb. Agriculture Schedules (un-indexed, little known, rarely used helps when land and/or tax records are missing or incomplete). Indian Census in NARS Film group M-595. No master index, only by tribe. Taken at regular intervals. Had to be completed by 1 month from June 1, except in specific sized cities. CENSUS OF 1920 (census day - 1 January) Place of residence (including street address in cities); name, age (at last birthday), sex, color (or race) ; month, year and place of birth (if foreign, native tongue); for parents, also; relationship to head of household; marital status; number years married to current spouse; number of children born to the woman, and number of those still living; place of birth of father and mother; year of immigration to US; if naturalized or an alien (if naturalized, year done); occupation; type of industry; employer/employee/self employed; if attended school any time since Sept 1, 1919; for each member of the household; if able to read, write, or speak English; if home is owned or rented; if owned, is it mortgaged. Indian Census in NARS Film group M-595. No master index, only by tribe. Taken at regular intervals. Had to be completed by 1 month from June 1. except in specific sized cities.
THIS WEEK IN HISTORY The following news notes are copied from various editions of the Livermore Herald and the Livermore Echo newspapers. L-AGS wishes to thank Barbara Bunshah of the Livermore Heritage Guild for providing these interesting personal news bits. From the Livermore Echo, week of 1 July 1893: Theo GORNER has rented that portion of the Odd Fellows building formerly occupied by A. BISTORIOUS and will occupy the same as a furniture store and harness shop combined. Almon WEYMOUTH has taken a contract for the erection of a cottage residence for Samuel LAUGHLIN on the latter's ranch near Brushy Peak. The structure will be two stories in height and contain seven hard-finished rooms, with al the modern improvements. The contract price is $1625. From the Livermore Echo, week of 1 August 1893: Times are hard and banks burst but the A.O.U.W. meets all obligations promptly. On Tuesday the beneficiaries of Peter LAMEE, recently deceased, received the sum of $2000 from the order. From the Livermore Echo, week of 29 August 1893: Fred SCHOENSTEDT has a large force of workmen busily engaged at his planing mill filling large contracts for wine and water tanks. N. R. TURNER has taken a contract for the erection of a 2-story building, 30 x 40 ft. in size, on the Olivina ranch. The building is intended to replace the one recently destroyed by fire. From the Livermore Echo, week of 5 September 1893: O. FROMMER, the jeweler, recently supplied a fine Seth Thomas timepiece, of the regulator style, for the new High School building. A grove of olive trees at J. M. DOTY's place affords convincing proof of the adaptability of this section to profitable olive growing. Dr. ROBERTSON has leased both the W. M. MENDENHALL and Phillip ANSPACHER residences and they will be occupied in connection with his sanitarium. From the Livermore Echo, week of 19 September 1893: J. W. MERCHANT this week commenced work, with a force of men and teams, on the San Antonio valley road, which he will complete to A. FUCH's place. Mr. Merchant understands the building of mountain roads and will doubtless do a good job. From the Livermore Echo, week of 26 September 1893: Owen FLYNN is building a granary, 20 x 30 feet in size on his ranch, in the Highland school district. From the Livermore Herald, week of 5 September 1918: Jos. TWOHEY laid up his threshing machine last Friday after a run of 54 days, which is a long run for a season like the present. From the Livermore Herald, week of 5 September 1918: Miss Dorothea MADSEN dislocated her right elbow Monday while cranking her automobile at the Townsend district school of which she is a teacher. From the Livermore Herald, week of 3 October 1918: L. M. MACDONALD, the well-known local banker, brought about the biggest deal in his career this week when he consummated the purchase of the Security Bank of Oakland for the Bank of Italy. From the Livermore Herald, week of 29 August 1943: The annual cleaning of the Livermore Library is scheduled to start Sept. 4th, Miss Myrtle HARP, librarian, states and the library will be closed from that date through Sept. 6th. From the Livermore Herald, week of 26 September 1943: The Valley Creamery at Pleasanton has been sold by owners M/M Sam KEATING to Ferdinand HOLDENER of the Valley Dairy in Livermore.
LIFE MEMBERS OF L-AGS: Beverly Ales Anastasia Alexander Carrie Alexander Terry Crane G. E. "Robbie" Robinson BENEFACTORS: Judy and Don Person WELCOME TO A NEW MEMBER: Regina Shaefer
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