Note: The Web version of this issue of The Roots Tracer contains all of 
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Livermore-Amador Genealogical Society
PO Box 901 Livermore, California 94551



Message from the President 424
Calendar of Events 425
The Benefits of Belonging to Numerous Genealogical Societies 426
Notes From All Over 427
Computer Notes 429
Item Found in "Day in the Life of Italy" 431
Beatitudes of a Family Genealogist 431
4,000 Diseases Traced to Genetics 432
Tidbits 433
This Week in History 434
Constitution and Bylaws 435

David Abrahams

For the past few months, a L-AGS special committee, composed of John 
Walden, George Anderson and Jolene Abrahams, has been examining and 
recommending changes to the Society's Constitution and Bylaws and the 
Standing Rules. On behalf of the Society, I want to take this 
opportunity to offer my special thanks to them for their tireless work in 
this endeavor.

At the general meeting of June 8, the membership unanimously adapted the 
changes as presented.

In the Constitution and Bylaws, changes have been made as follows:

Article IV, Officers and Elections, in Sections A and F,
Article V, Duties of Officers, in Section A,
Article VII, Chairpersons, Committees and Duties, Sections A, B, D and F, 
Article XI, Property Assets, Section A.

Many of the Standing Rules have also been changed. The most important 
changes which I would like to point out are Article II, Dues, and Article 
V, Calendar. Due to the increased cost of just about everything, we have 
raised the dues 20%. It should be noted that this is the first change in 
the dues structure in several years. We have also changed the fiscal 
year so that it corresponds to the calendar year. Previously, you will 
recall, we had elections at the beginning of summer, and the new officers 
were installed in September. It was felt by many of us that there was 
too much time between the election and the installation of the new 

The result of making this change in fiscal year has resulted in two 
situations that we solved at the June meeting. First, the present Board 
will be serving an extra four months - until the new Board is installed 
in January, 1994. Secondly, because of the extended fiscal year, we have 
raised the dues for Fiscal 1994 only an additional 25%. This is the only 
way we can ensure financial continuity for the extended year. 
Individuals will be asked to pay $15; Families $22.50; Benefactors 
$37.50; Patrons $75. Again, this is only for the Fiscal Year 1994! In 
Fiscal Year 1995, the dues will revert to those shown in the new Standing 

For the convenience of the entire membership, the newly revised 
Constitution and Bylaws and Standing Rules have been published in this 
copy of The Roots Tracer.


Florence E. LAWSON 
Lucille KUSKO



10 July 1993
The California Genealogical Society will hold its general membership 
meeting at the California Genealogical Society Library, 300 Brannan 
Street, San Francisco.

14 July 1993
The San Mateo Genealogical Society presents Paul Hawkins speaking on 
"Huguenot Migration Patterns, Europe to America, Part II", 7:30 PM. For 
information, contact the Society at P.O. Box 5083, San Mateo, CA 94402-

4 - 6 August 1993
Genealogy and Family History Conference, sponsored by BYU Religious 
Education, BYU History Department. A 3-day conference with basic, 
intermediate and advanced courses for genealogists. For further 
information, see the brochure at our next meeting or write to BYU, 136 
Harman Building, Provo, UT 84602 (or call 801-378-4853).

5 - 7 August 1993
Gateway to the Past, a Conference for the Nation's Genealogists. St. 
Louis, MO. Sponsored by the Federation of Genealogical Societies and The 
Missouri State Genealogical Assn. A 3-day conference with seminars, 
classes and exhibits. For further information, see the brochure at our 
next meeting or write to FGS, P. O. Box 3385, Salt Lake City, UT 84110-

21 August 1993
Genealogy Society of Stanislaus County celebrates its twenty-fifth 
anniversary, P. O. Box 4735, Modesto, CA 95352-4735. 

23 August 1993
Genealogy Society of Stanislaus County presents a seminar featuring Dr. 
George Schweitzer at the Modesto Center Plaza. For more information 
write to the Society at P. O. Box 4735, Modesto, CA 95452-4735.

26 - 28 August 1993
1993 BIFHS Genealogical Research Seminar, presented by the British Isles 
Family History Society of Los Angeles. Three days of lectures on using 
English, Irish, Scottish and Welsh records. For further information, see 
the brochure at our next meeting or write to BIFHS, 2531 Sawtell Blvd., 
#134, Los Angeles, CA 90064-3163.

8 - 9 October 1993
Polish Genealogical Society of America Fifteenth Anniversary Conference: 
A "Celebration". Ramada O'Hare Hotel, Rosemont, IL. For details write 
or call: Mrs. Barbara Fink, 819 Chestnut Ave., Wilmette, IL 60091; 708-


Jeanne V. Tanghe

Genealogical societies fall into four categories: Local, Area, Ethnic and 

Below I have tried to describe each of these, relating the differences 
between them.

1. Local: Local genealogy societies, such as ours, promote personal 
sharing, programs, speakers and field trips to libraries and research 
centers. These societies are essential for the beginner, which generally 
publish a monthly or quarterly newsletter - such as The Roots Tracer.

2. Area: Area genealogy societies typically concentrate on the areas 
our ancestors settled in upon arriving in the United States. They 
provide information on local history, libraries, cemeteries and surname 
research. They may publish local information, such as obituary indices, 
cemetery extractions and old church records. Your research may be aided 
once you seek out these societies and write to them for their publication 

3. Ethnic: These groups concentrate on such areas as Polish, German, 
Portuguese and Jewish genealogy. I belong to the Polish genealogical 
societies of Wisconsin, California, Michigan, Chicago and Posen (Poland). 
The newsletters, maps, surname lists, crests, seminar information, 
history, book lists, letter writing guides, cemetery and school 
enrollment lists may be able to provide invaluable information in aiding 
you in your particular ethnic research area.

4. Specialty: One example of a specialty genealogy society is the 
Immigrant Genealogical Society of Burbank, California. They have 
wonderful researchers. For example, they use West German and East German 
phone books to provide lists of names and addresses in the geographic 
areas you are researching. I was amazed at the number of people with my 

Another example is the Wisconsin Old Cemetery Society. Their goal is 
preservation of cemeteries and records. These records are essential to 
any genealogical research. They print queries in their publications, 
research cemetery records, and sponsor programs of interest.

(If you are unable to attend the seminars, send for a syllabus, synopsis 
or program agenda. These documents will list speakers, their outlines 
and many bibliographies, and can be a gold mine of information - found in 
one place!)

Knowledge, contacts, ideas, exciting mail and the stimulus of each 
newsletter are just some of the reasons for joining other societies.

It is desirable to support these other genealogical societies for the 
important and priceless work they do. Our membership fees go toward 
purchasing books, microfiche and film for libraries, and the financing of 
filming of indices and vital statistics. Publishing and preserving 
genealogical information is a high priority for all of us.

There are also many resources you may wish to purchase if they aren't 
available in your local library. The Handbook for Genealogists by the 
Everton Publishers is one such resource. It lists genealogical archives, 
libraries and societies. The Genealogical Helper, a quarterly 
publication, lists current genealogical societies annually. You should 
also consider writing to libraries in the area you are researching for 
the names of local genealogical societies that may not be listed in the 
above sources.

The bottom line is:
I am always amazed and overwhelmed by what information is out there - 
just waiting to be found. I could make this hobby a full-time job, and 
not have enough time to do everything I want to do!



Don't forget the University Library as a source of help. UC Berkeley is 
a Depository for US Government Records.

Example: In 1986, a commission did a study on famine in the UKRAINE in 
1932-33; it contains information on individuals, families and places. 
"MELVYL" shows it at the UCB Law Library (call no. KE4924.U54) [L. Scott 
NNY-BBS via CCCGS May 93]

Another example: Two Canadian Guides: Checklist of Parish Registers, 3rd 
Edition from Public Archives of Canada. (bilingual guide to microfilms 
of parish registers including English-speaking, non-Catholic parishes) 
Call # CD3648.A1 PI in UCB Main Library. In the UCB Law Library 
#BQV101.5.C37 G85 Guide Sommaire des archives des dioceses Catholiques 
au Canada. (Bilingual listing of diocesan archives of Canada. [Sue 
BEFORE YOU GO: 510/643-9999.
From the San Ramon Valley Genealogical Society Newsletter, June 1993


"The Bureau of Vital Statistics has been experiencing an employment 
freeze and budget restrictions. It is necessary at this time to inform 
you that the processing of all genealogy is suspended. This suspension 
of services will continue indefinitely... the New Jersey State Archives 
has the original vital records for the state for the period May 1848 to 
May 1878. The Archives continues to search these records by mail for a 
fee of $4 per record. The Archives has also begun to acquire the 
following vital records on microfilm: marriage records, June 1878 to 
1940, death records, June 1878 to 1940, and birth records June 1878 to 
1923. You may contact the Archives at (609) 292-6260 to determine their 
current holdings. These microfilmed records are open for research at the 
Archives Tuesday through Friday, 8:30 AM to 4:30 PM; however, the 
Archives cannot search them by mail. If you are unable to use the 
facilities at the New Jersey State Archives, you may wish to consider 
utilizing the services of a professional genealogist. If you wish to use 
a professional genealogist, please write and request that a list be 
mailed to you..." (Letter received by editor dated April 6, 1993)
From the Santa Clara Co. Hist. & Gen. Soc. Newsletter, June 1993


The Federation of Genealogical Societies has announced the establishment 
of a Records Preservation Access Committee. Curt B. Witcher, FGS 
President, explained the purpose of the new committee: "The establishing 
purposes of the Records Preservation Access Committee include assisting 
genealogists and their societies around the country in maintaining 
appropriate access to vital and other historical records, disseminating 
strategies for dealing with potential records closures, offering advice 
for getting specific record closures reversed or repealed, and working 
through the genealogical community to reach legislators with the message 
that the records of our past are a worthwhile and important investment."

The National Genealogical Society has joined this effort to guarantee 
access to records. An article in the NGS Newsletter (Vol. 19, No. 2) 
explains the importance of this issue: "Few issues will be as important 
to genealogists in the coming years as records preservation and access. 
Effectively addressing those issues requires more than rallying 
opposition to restrictions on access. Strong efforts are needed to 
develop communication at many levels among the genealogical community, 
records custodians, legislators, and others with similar concerns and 
goals. The committee will work to facilitate such communication and will 
regularly report to the genealogical community on efforts and 
developments in these important areas."

Those with information or suggestions may write to the Federation of 
Genealogical Societies, Records Preservation and Access Committee, P. O. 
Box 3385, Salt Lake City, UT 84110-3385.
From Illinois State Genealogical Society Newsletter, May/June 1993

WARNING: Genealogy Pox

SYMPTOMS: Continual complaint as to need for names, dates and places. 
Patient has blank expression, is sometimes deaf to spouse and children. 
Has no taste for work of any kind, except feverishly looking through 
records at libraries and court houses. Has compulsions to write letters. 
Swears at mailman when he does not leave any mail. Frequents strange 
places such as cemeteries, ruins, remote-desolate areas. Makes secret 
phone calls at night. Hides phone bills from spouse and mumbles to self. 
Has strange faraway look in eyes.


TREATMENT: Medication is useless. Disease is not fatal but gets 
progressively worse. Patient should attend genealogy workshops, 
subscribe to genealogical magazines and be given a quiet corner in the 
house where he or she can be alone.

Extra Warning Enclosed: This disease is contagious.


This is another new column. Your editorial staff welcomes any and all 
contributions, no matter where they come from!


A scanner is a computer peripheral that allows you to transfer hardcopy 
images into your computer. If a "hardcopy image" sounds like jargon, 
substitute photograph, map, diagram or even text (if you want to 
manipulate the text, not just have the picture of the words, additional 
software for Optical Character Recognition, OCR, is needed).

Scanners come in handheld and flatbed models. A flatbed scanner will 
capture the image of a full page at a time. The page is placed on the 
scanner, the command to scan is given and the image is captured. 
Handheld scanners require the user to move a device across the object to 
be scanned. The results will depend on how smoothly the scanner is moved 
across the image.

The images will take up LOTS of computer memory. To get an idea of how 
much, square the dpi (dots per inch) at which the image is scanned and 
multiply that result by the number of bits (not bytes - to convert to 
bytes, divide by 8) required for a square inch of scan. If you are 
scanning a 3" X 5" photo in black and white, meaning one bit depth, at 
300 dpi, the calculation is

300 X 300 X 1 = 90,000 bits/sq. in.
90,000/8 = 11,250 bytes/sq. in.
11,250 X 15 (sq. in.) = 168,750 bytes

If you scan for 16 bit color or gray scale, multiply this by 16 which 
would be 2.7 megabytes for the photo.

With this kind of drain on both storage and memory, why would you want to 
use a scanner? One of the commonly used genealogy programs, Brothers 
Keeper 5.0B allows .PCX images (a format created by most scan software) 
to be attached to the database so that pictures of ancestors, their homes 
and possessions, maps of travel routes, homesteads, etc. are all linked 
to the file. PCX images can also be included in many word processing 

How much does a scanner cost? A flatbed model with its associated 
software is expensive, $1000 or more. A good quality handheld scanner 
may be purchased for about $300. So, do you NEED a scanner? Probably 
not. Will you spend hours happily "playing" with one? I certainly have! 
From an unknown publication!


GEDcompanion is a program written by Mark Taylor for the Macintosh. It 
is a utility program for the Mac which converts GEDCOM files into formats 
that can be read by word processors, spreadsheets, databases, and outline 
programs. It also creates files which can be used by MORE (Symantec 
Corp) and Org Plus (Banner Blue Software Inc.) to create graphic charts. 
GEDcompanion can make detailed ahnentafel charts and descendant charts 
using the Henry numbering system. Have you ever wanted to move your data 
to a spreadsheet or database program, so that you can search and sort, 
and look for errors? GEDcompanion lets you create database files, tab-
delimited text files that can be opened by virtually any spreadsheet or 
database program.

It works under System 6.0.5 and 7 and fully implements the Macintosh user 
interface. Complete documentation is included. Costs $20 from Mark 
Taylor, P. O. Box 2034, Cupertino, CA 95015-2034. (Gary Hoffman on 
Genealogy_EUR, 28 July 1992, and Ann Turner on Gensoft, 2 Aug 1992, via 
From an unknown publication!


2 parents
4 grandparents
8 great-grandparents
16 great-great-grandparents
32 great-great-great-grandparents
64 great-great-great-great-grandparents
128 great-great-great-great-great-grandparents
256 great-great-great-great-great-great-grandparents
512 great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandparents
1024 great-great-great-great-great-great-great-great-grandparents



Collins Publishers, San Francisco
Division of Harper Collins
Page 82

"A municipal clerk at the 'ANAGRAFE' will search the files for birth, 
marriage and death certificates. Italians who need copies of their 
records for any reason are obliged to make a trip to an 'anagrafe' 
office. Documents, like those at the Reggio di Calabria anagrafe, may be 
found there. They are often kept on small metal plates and stamped onto 
paper upon request."

I found this in a photography book at a store in Santa Cruz! It was 
interesting information for genealogists and researchers, as it is 
difficult to obtain information from Italy. However, I would strongly 
urge (actually, it is a must) anyone who is requesting this information 
to get a translation into Italian of the entire letter. You might 
include an international postal order - also include this information in 
your letter. Many post offices in Italy have never heard of this 
international item. I have not used this source as yet, and probably 
will not, as the information I desire is in Sicily near Palermo, and I 
doubt very much whether the authorities will honor my request.

Beverly Schell Ales


Blessed are the great-grandfathers, who saved embarkation and citizenship 
For they tell when they came.

Blessed are the great-grandmothers, who hoarded newspaper clippings and 
old letters,
For these tell the story of their time.

Blessed are all grandfathers, who filed every legal document,
For this provides the proof.

Blessed are grandmothers, who preserved family bibles and diaries,
For this is our heritage.

Blessed are fathers, who elect officials that answer letters of inquiry,
For - to some - the only link to the past.

Blessed are mothers, who relate family tradition and legend to the 
For one of her children will surely remember.

Blessed are relatives, who fill in family sheets with extra data,
For to them we owe the family history.

Blessed is any family, whose members strive for the preservation of 
For there's is a labor of love.

Blessed are the children, who will never say, "Grandma, you have told 
that old story twice today".

(St. Louis Genealogical Society Quarterly, December 1969, by Wilma Mauk)


When a group of health experts wrote the book "50 Simple Things You Can 
Do To Save Your Life", they made an unlikely pick for recommendation No. 

No, it is not a low-fat diet or regular exercise. Rather, the experts - 
the entire public-health faculty at the University of California, Los 
Angeles - urged people to discover their medical roots.

It's crucial, they concluded, to know about the health of your family - 
your brothers, sisters, parents, uncles, aunts, grandparents and great-
grandparents. Indeed, some diseases do "run in families".

Experts estimate that about 4,000 of the 10,000 known diseases are 
caused, at least in part, by genetic factors. These family diseases 
include conditions - such as heart attacks, stroke, cancer and diabetes - 
that rank among the major causes of death today.

If you have a parent, grandparent, aunt or uncle who died from a heart 
attack before age 65, your heart attack risk may be five to seven times 
higher than normal.

Several types of cancer, including breast, colon, prostate, uterine, 
ovarian, cervical, skin, kidney and pancreatic, run in families. A 
woman's single most important risk factor for developing breast cancer is 
having a mother or sister with breast cancer. A woman with two or more 
cases of breast cancer in her family has a personal risk of about 1 in 6. If those cases occurred in 
her mother or sisters, her risk rises to 1 in 3.

Discovering a family history of heart attacks or cancer does not mean 
that you are doomed to an early death. Experts believe that in many 
common diseases, defective genes must interact with environmental factors 
for the disease to occur. These include diet, cigarette smoking, lack of 
exercise and other factors that you can control.

Knowing your medical roots can provide a powerful incentive for modifying 
your own lifestyle and getting periodic tests that can diagnose diseases 

Try to collect basic medical information on your family. When a family 
death occurs, recognize the importance of an autopsy to establish the 
exact cause. Studies show that physicians often err in establishing the 
cause of death based on a clinical diagnosis. An autopsy thus can alert 
relatives to diseases that pose unrecognized threats to their own health.

Bookstores and libraries have many resources. Bantam Books is publishing 
"If It Runs In Your Family." Each volume explains one family disease and 
how to reduce your risks. "Family Diseases: Are You At Risk?" by Myra 
Vanderpool Gormley (Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc.) is an excellent 
summary of the entire topic.

(This was written by Mike Woods/Toledo Blade and printed in the 
Sacramento Bee, April 23, 1992.)

Phil Bolsta of Hopkins MN sent this "genealogical riddle" to the SF 
Chronicle: "If Rolling Stone Bill Wyman, 56, and ex-wife Mandy Smith, 22, 
decide to reconcile, genealogists could celebrate. Here's why: Wyman's 
30-year-old son, Stephen, just announced his engagement to Patsy Smith, 
46, who is none other than Mandy's mother!

"If the romantic partnerships succeed, Bill Wyman would become his son's 
son-in-law, because he would be married to his son's stepdaughter. Mandy 
Smith would become Stephen Wyman's mother because she would be his 
father's wife. By virtue of his marriage to Mandy's mother, then Stephen 
Wyman would be both Mandy's son and father. Likewise, Patsy Smith would 
be Mandy's daughter as well as her mother.

Of course, things get real interesting if both couples decide to have 

If Patsy Smith has a son, the child would be Bill Wyman's brother-in-law 
and Stephen Wyman's uncle because he would be the brother of this 
stepmother, Mandy Smith. If Mandy has a son, the child would be Stephen 
Wyman's brother as well as his grandchild because the baby would be the 
son of his daughter.

It then follows that Patsy Smith would be her husband's grandmother 
because she was his mother's mother. Stephen Wyman would be both his 
wife's husband and grandchild. And since the husband of a person's 
grandmother is his grandfather, Stephen Wyman would be his own 

Any one remember the old 78 rpm record by this name?
(The Live Oak May/June 1993)

The American Association of University Women Book Finders is a non-profit 
organization that will search an inventory of approximately 8,000 
antiquarian book dealers for a specific title. The search usually takes 
approximately 100-120 days and is conducted at no charge. Write them at 
P.O. Box 8151, Corpus Christi, TX 78468.
(Pomona Gen. Soc.. 2/93 via San Mateo Co. Gen. Soc. 4/93, H.A.G.S.. 
INFORMER June 1993)

An employee of the post office department in Washington, DC, rejected a 
title search on a property the department wished to purchase because the 
tile abstract stopped at 1803. The abstractor replied: "Gentlemen:...the 
Government of the U.S. acquired title to the Territory of Louisiana, 
including the tract to which your request applies, by purchase from the 
Government of France in 1803. The Government of France acquired title by 
conquest from the Government of Spain. The Government of Spain acquired 
title by the discovery of one Christopher Columbus, traveler and 
explorer, a resident of Genova, Italy, by an agreement concerning the 
acquisition of title to any lands discovered, traveled and explored under 
the sponsorship and patronage of Hr Majesty, the Queen of Spain. the 
Queen of Spain had verified her agreement and received the sanction of 
her title by consent of the Pope, a resident of Rome, Italy. The Pope 
was an ex-officio representative and vice regent of Jesus Christ. Jesus 
Christ is the son and heir apparent of God. god made Louisiana. I trust 
this complies with your request."
(CSGA Newsletter, Vol. 11, No. 6, June 1993)

A recent discovery in Pamlico County, North Carolina, was a 600 - 800 
pound granite slab from an abandoned cemetery. The inscription read: 
Edward BRYAN, born in London 1663, emigrated to Nansemond County, 
Virginia 1690, moved to Craven County 1700, died in 1739. Christiana, 
his wife, daughter of Hodges COUNCIL, died 1743.
From the NCGS NEWS, Vol. 12, No. 3, via the Washington County (NC) 
Genealogical Society (WCGS NEWS) June, 1993.


The following news notes are copied from various editions of the 
Livermore Herald and the Livermore Echo newspapers. L-AGS wishes to 
thank Barbara Bunshah of the Livermore Heritage Guild for providing these 
interesting personal news bits.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 8 April 1893:

Mr. M. BERLIN, formerly of Pleasanton, has rented and will shortly reopen 
the Germania Hotel.

A barn and about 60 tons of hay, on the ranch of Thomas QUIGLEY, were 
destroyed by fire last Monday night. Loss estimated at $400, insured for 
$300. The fire is supposed to have been the work of an incendiary.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 1 May 1893:

The County Supervisors announced a hearing on the proposed new county 
road on the lands of Thomas QUIGLEY and P. MANNING in the northwest 
corner of Rancho Las Positas.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 15 May 1893:

The newly elected town trustees took their oaths of office and selected 
Wendell JORDAN as chairman of the board.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 22 May 1893:

Fred SCHOENSTEDT has opened a blacksmith and machine shop and a complete 
planing mill at the corner of Second and K Sts.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 1 June 1893:

80 acres of barley near Altamont belonging to Mrs. DUNLEA were destroyed 
by fire, of unknown origin, on Friday.

A. J. MCLEOD was re-elected Chief Engineer (i.e. fire chief) by the Town 
Trustees, despite a plea from the firemen for the appointment of A. W. 

From the Livermore Echo, week of 8 June 1893:

The program for the First Annual Commencement of the Livermore Union 
High School included orations, songs, essays and an address by the Hon. 
J. W. ANDERSON, State Supt. of Schools.

From the Livermore Herald, week of 1 April 1918:

Blacksmith Ed DONAHUE was recently called upon to perform an unusual 
shoeing job - a family cow for a group moving from Salinas to Auburn via 

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