Note: The Web version of this issue of The Roots Tracer contains all of 
the words and all of the non-decorative graphics of the original paper 
version, but does not preserve the original typographical formatting.


Message from the President	406
Welcome to New Members	406
The Bookshelf	407
Reader Notes	411
Meet the Members	412
Kawlewski Family Reunion	414
What Good is a Computer in Genealogy?	416
London Jews and the Jewish West End Project	419
L-AGS Members who are Members of Other Genealogical Organizations	420
This Week in History	422
Tidbits	423

P. 0. Box 901, Livermore, CA 94551

President 	David ABRAHAMS 	510-447-9386
1st VP and Membership 	Virginia MOORE 	510-447-8316
2nd VP and Programs 	Jolene ABRAHAMS 	510-447-9386
Recording Secretary 	John WALDEN 	510-443-2057
Corresponding Secretary 	Dixie NEWBURY 	510-447-1868
Business Manager 	Clarence PARKISON 	510-449-8656
Publications Chairman 	George ANDERSON 	510-846-4265
Publicity (acting) 	Jolene ABRAHAMS 	510-447-9386
Livermore Cultural Arts Council Rep 	Don JOHNSON 	510-447-4746

The Livermore-Amador Genealogical Society is exempt from Federal Income 
Tax under Section 501(c)(3) (literary and educational) of the Internal 
Revenue Code and California Taxation Code 237020.

The Roots Tracer is a quarterly publication with articles of interest to 
the genealogist. Members are encouraged to submit their "Profiles" as 
well as articles of general interest. Queries are free to members, $1.00 
to non-members.

The deadline for each quarterly is the 15th of June, September, December, 
and March. Send to:

Roots Tracer, P. 0. Box 901, Livermore, CA 94551

Any book presented to the Society will be reviewed in the quarterly along 
with the purchase price and address of the publisher.

Our Library is located in the Pleasanton Public Library building, 400 Old 
Bernal Ave., Pleasanton, CA.

Meetings are held on the 2nd Tuesday, monthly, at Congregation Beth Emek, 
1866 College Ave., Livermore, CA.

Membership in LAGS is open to any individual, library, or society. Our 
fiscal year is September 1 through August 31. Membership includes a 
subscription to the quarterly Roots Tracer.

	Publications (Prices are postage paid)
	Surname Index (1988)	$7.00
	Livermore Cemeteries (1988) 	$19.00
	Pleasanton, Dublin Cemeteries (1990) 	$14.00
	The Bookshelf (1992) 	$3.00
	Roots Tracer Index	$6.00
	Livermore Cemetery Index	$6.00
	Prices subject to change

	Send check or money order to:

Livermore-Amador Genealogical Society P. 0. Box 901, Livermore, CA 94551

David Abrahams

It is with great sadness that I must announce that Dixie Newbury, long-
time editor of the Roots Tracer, has asked the board to find a 
replacement for her. As all of you know, for the past several years, 
Dixie has done a wonderful job of collecting, editing and assembling the 
Roots Tracer for printing and distribution. 

On behalf of the entire membership of L-AGS, I want to thank you, Dixie, 
for the great job you have done.

Now, with Dixie's retirement, L-AGS needs a new editor to keep the Roots 
Tracer going as the official publication of the Society. I would dearly 
love it if several of our members stepped forward to form a committee to 
take on this worthwhile task.

As I promised in the last issue of the Roots Tracer, I have assembled a 
data base of members of L-AGS who belong to other genealogical and 
historical societies. The data has been published in this edition. It 
is absolutely amazing to see how many of our members belong to so many 
societies. I'm sure that now that this list has been started, others may 
wish to add to it. Please feel free to tell us, or send us, the names of 
the societies you belong to. We will publish updates of the data base as 
space permits in the Roots Tracer.

The time is drawing closer for our 2nd Genealogy Seminar (24 April). The 
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints is our co-sponsor. I want to 
take this opportunity to thank in advance all of the wonderful committee 
members from L-AGS and the Church who worked so hard to put this Seminar 
together: Mary Lynne Horton, Jolene Abrahams, Don Powell, Beverly Ales, 
Kellee Smith, Lucille Bruskin, Jim Ruff, Merle Atkinson, Kathie Brough, 
Doug Beckstand, and Keith Mortensen. Many, many thanks are also due to 
the members of L-AGS and the Church who gave up their time to volunteer 
to "work" at the Seminar.


	Doug and Joan Mumma			Mildred Doucette
	2123 Farmington Place			954 Lambaren Avenue
	Livermore, CA 94550			Livermore, CA 94550

The Bookshelf

The title of the column for this issue should be, not "the Bookshelf," 
but "the Microfilm Cabinet." Genealogists love and hate microfilm - love 
it because that's where most of the data they want is found, and hate it 
because it is so bo-o-o-ring to look at.

I decided on the microfilm topic this time because the LAGS Library has 
just acquired all seven rolls of the 1920 census for Alameda County. It 
seems appropriate at this time to remind our members of all of our 
microform holdings. I will also describe briefly what is available to us 
at the Pleasanton Library and the local LDS Family History Center.

The contents of our newly - acquired rolls of 1920 census film are 
described on the next page. 

The LAGS Library now owns all census films that exist for the Livermore 
and Amador Valleys. The first one is 1860 and the others are 1870, 1880, 
1900, 1910 and 1920. Of course, later censuses exist in print, but they 
are still considered private and will be kept from the public until 72 
years after the date of taking. The 1850 census was the first taken in 
California. Sadly, the data for the Bay Area has been lost. As for the 
1890 census, you may remember that the returns for all but a few counties 
in the East were destroyed in a fire.

LAGS bought all of these local census films even though we know that few 
of our members have local roots. The reason is that one of the purposes 
of our society, according to the by-laws, is to perform genealogy-related 
public services for our community. Making local source materials 
available to the public helps fulfill this purpose. We hope that someday 
we will be able to transcribe and publish all of the local censuses, as a 
further public service, and as a money-making project for the club.

Other than these 13 census films - 7 for 1920 and 6 for the other years - 
LAGS has only one other roll of film (the 1860 census for Contra Costa 
County) and 5 microfiche. Two fiche are for a printed and indexed 
transcription of the 1860 Contra Costa County census. The others are for 
the 1890 Louisiana Veterans' Census index, Records of the Church of 
Christ in Bristol, Rhode Island for 1687-1775, and a bibliography of 
Massachusetts vital records, 1620-1895.

In contrast to the very modest LAGS collection, the Pleasanton Library's 
holdings of microfiche are huge. The box on this page gives details. In 
keeping with our close partnership with the Pleasanton Library, their 
fiche and ours are interfiled in the same box.

The Pleasanton Library collection of fiche is very respectable, but the 
Livermore LDS Family History Center's collection is at least an order of 
magnitude larger. Add to that their computerized CD-ROM files, and you're 
talking serious data. I won't attempt to describe their holdings in 
detail, but I urge LAGS members to become acquainted with this marvelous 
resource. It includes the IGI, Accelerated Index System indexes, and a 
large new acquisition, the Church of Scotland Christening and Marriage 
Records. In all, there are thousands of fiche at the FHC.

For the next year, while the Mocho Street church is being remodeled, the 
FHC is housed in the LDS church at 1501 Hillcrest Avenue in Livermore. 
The hours are from noon to 3 pm on Mondays, and from 6 to 9 pm on 
Wednesdays, or by appointment with Mary Lynne Horton, 443-5407, at other 

Genealogy Microfiche at the Pleasanton Library

Genealogical Helper "Roots Cellar"
	Computerized Family File Index, Vol.1, 48 fiche, 6143 pages
	Family Group Sheets, 203 fiche, 23,351 sheets
	Submitters' List, 3 fiche, 29,833 names
	Ancestor List, 15 fiche, 1863 pages
Sutro Library Catalog
	Localities, 68 fiche
	Surnames, 110 fiche
	Miscellaneous, 4 fiche
American Genealogical Lending Library Catalog
	Census, Military, Passenger Lists, Locality, etc., 8 fiche
	Supplement, August 1992, 1 fiche
California Death Records (see sample on later page)
	1950-1959, 73 fiche
	1960-1969, 99 fiche
	1970-1979, 111 fiche
	1980-1986, 88 fiche
California Marriage Records (see sample on later page)
	1980-1985, 73 fiche for groom, 73 fiche for bride

Guide to 1920 Federal Census for Alameda County, California
Microfilm Series T625, Rolls 87-93

The census information for Alameda County is organized as follows:
There are 7 rolls of microfilm, numbered from 87 to 93.

Each roll has 2 volumes of data; the volumes are numbered sequentially 
from 1 to 14 on the 7 rolls of film, i.e., Roll 87 has Volumes 1 and 2, 
Roll 88 has Volumes 3 and 4, etc. Volume 13 is the last for Alameda 
County; Volume 14 on Roll 93 covers Alpine, Amador, Eldorado and Glenn 

Each volume is divided into Enumeration Districts (EDs). There are 231 
EDs in Alameda County. The EDs numbered from 1 to 199 are sequential 
within the county and within each volume, but that sequence is 
interrupted in an irregular way by insertion of EDs 200-231. The EDs 
contained in each volume are listed in order on the film at the start of 
the volume.

Within in each ED the pages of information are numbered sequentially. It 
is actually the sheets of paper that are numbered, and each sheet has 
side A and side B, so the pages appear to be numbered 1A, 1B, 2A, 2B, 

The lines on each sheet are numbered from 1 to 100, with 1-50 on side A, 
51-100 on side B.

Roll	Vol.	EDs	Localities
87	1	1-21	Alameda
87	2	22, 219, 227, 23-35	Oakland
88	3	36-51	Oakland
88	4	52-57, 223, 58-66	Oakland
89	5	67-84	Oakland
89	6	85-97, 99	Oakland
90	7	98, 100-103, 222, 104, 105, 221, 231, 106-112	Oakland
90	8	113, 226, 114-126, 218, 127	Oakland
91	9	128-131, 224, 132-139, 225, 140, 220, 141, 142	Oakland
91	10	143-150, 228, 151-156	Oakland, Castro Valley, Hayward, San 
Lorenzo, San Leandro
92	11	157, 158, 229, 159, 230, 160-162, 200-217	Murray Township, 
Albany, Emeryville, Piedmont, Pleasanton Township, Washington Township 
(See next chart for more detail)
92	12	163-180	Berkeley
93	13	181-199	Berkeley
93	14		Alpine, Amador, Eldorado and Glenn Counties

Guide to Roll 92, Volume 11 of the 1920 Census of Alameda County, 
This volume includes Murray and Pleasanton Townships 

ED	Sheets	Township	Precinct
157	1-4	Murray	Altamont
158	1-4	Murray	
229	1-3	Murray	Murray
159	1-5	Murray	Mocho
230	1-6	Murray	Mocho
160	1-7	Murray	Livermore-1
160	8-15	Murray	Livermore-2
160	16-21	Murray	Livermore-3
205	1-8	Pleasanton	Amador
205	9-11	Pleasanton	Dublin
206	1-4	Pleasanton	Sunol Glen
206	5	Pleasanton	Calaveras
207	1-5	Pleasanton	Pleasanton-2
207	6-11	Pleasanton	Pleasanton-1

A Sample of the 1920 Census - a Local Family

A sample of the 1920 census. This is the family of Carl Wente, founder of 
the famous local winery. For some reason, Mrs. Carl H. Wente is listed 
first, as head of the family (was she an early feminist?). The seven 
family members are the last, except for one, on page 3B, but the page 
heading for page 4A is used for illustration.

To allow each entry to appear straight across on one line, as it is in 
the original, the image from the microfilm printer has been reduced. The 
headings, no longer readable after this reduction, are as follows, 
illustrated with the entries for Mrs. Wente: PLACE OF ABODE: Street, 
Avenue, Road, etc. (blank), House number or farm, etc. (X), Number of 
dwelling house in order of visitation (106), Number of family in order of 
visitation (106); NAME: Name of each person whose place of abode on 
January 1, 1920, was in this family. ... Include every person living on 
January 1, 1920. Omit children born since January 1, 1920 (Wente, Mrs. C. 
H.); RELATION: Relationship of this person to the head of the family 
(Head): TENURE: Home owned or rented (O), If owned, free or mortgaged 
(F); PERSONAL DESCRIPTION: Sex (F), Color or race (W), Age at last 
birthday (59), Single, married, widowed or divorced (M); CITIZENSHIP: 
Year of immigration to the United States (1882), Naturalized or alien 
(na), If naturalized, year of naturalization (1892); EDUCATION: Attended 
school any time since Sept. 1, 1919 (blank), Whether able to read (yes), 
Whether able to write (yes); NATIVITY AND MOTHER TONGUE: Place of birth 
of each person and parents of each person enumerated. If born in the 
United States, give the state or territory. If of foreign birth, give the 
place of birth and, in addition, the mother tongue. PERSON: Place of 
birth (Germany), Mother tongue (German); FATHER: Place of birth 
(Germany), Mother tongue (German); MOTHER: Place of birth (Germany), 
Mother tongue (German); Whether able to speak English (yes); OCCUPATION: 
Trade, profession, or particular kind of work done, as spinner, salesman, 
laborer, etc. (none), Industry, business or establishment in which at 
work, as cotton mill, dry goods store, farm, etc. (blank), Employer, 
salary or wage worker, or working on own account (blank), Number of farm 
schedule (blank).

The entry "85" in the last column for the Ernest Wente farm means that a 
detailed description of the farm will be found in the farm schedules for 
the 1920 census. LAGS does not have these farm schedules.

Example of California Marriage Records

A sample of California Marriage Records, from the microfiche for 1980-
1985. This section of the records is alphabetized by the name of the 
bride. The two columns headed "CO" give a code for the county; this 
number is decoded in information accompanying the fiche. The sample 
chosen here is for the marriage of our daughter, Gail L. Anderson. She 
and Donavin D. Dressler were married in Davis, Yolo County (code "57"). 
We were amazed that there were 22 Gail Andersons married in California in 
that five-year period.

Example of California Death Records

A sample of California Death Records, from the microfiche for 1970-1979. 
The column headed "CO" is a code for the county where death occurred; 
this number is decoded in the information accompanying the fiche. The 
example chosen shows the death of my uncle, Abraham Label, who died in 
Marin County (code "21"). He was a famous prize fighter in his youth. He 
was a young man of 21 living in San Francisco at the time of the great 
earthquake. The column "SP INIT" gives the initials of his wife, Elva B. 
Label, who is still healthy at age 98.


I have recently acquired the following information about Upshur County in 
West Virginia:

	1. Five volumes of cemetery readings that include all cemeteries 
in the county. Some are indexed and some are not.

	2. A listing of marriages in the county from 1851 to 1896. This 
is indexed for both male and female surnames.

I am currently working with some others to publish a list of births from 
1853 to 1897. I have compiled an alphabetized list of births from 1887 
to 1897. I will have the years 1853 to 1887 available as soon as my 
fellow genealogists complete their compilations.

If I can be of assistance to anyone, please give me a call:

John Walden, (510) 443-2057, in Livermore, California


One of our members, Charles J. Michels, has just published a family 
genealogy entitled:



by Charles J Michels and Jeanne Michels

Library of Congress Catalogue Card No. 93-70238

The book has twelve pages of photographs, two hundred pages of text, 
sixteen pedigree charts, a Surname Index and a Citations Index. Notes 
are added by the authors and nine informational appendices are provided.

Jeanne V. Tanghe

I spent a good part of four years doing scattered genealogical research 
about my family. At first it was for fun. Then the need to find and know 
relatives increased. My husband and I started on my journey into the 

I was very lucky to have a family that took pictures of everything, and 
to have a large family base in Wisconsin. Those family members were 
strangers to me, but some were names left in the memories of my 
childhood. As I encountered family members, I found they were warm and 
giving, but held back pictures and information. After two year of 
visiting, they began to trust me. I became very close to a second cousin, 
Agnes Golla. She and I made quite a team! We visited, talked to and 
questioned people. We searched old trunks and boxes. We made copies of 
everything and shared with everyone. A sense of competition and being 
part of a wonderful family was born.

The idea of a family reunion came out of the fun we were having with our 
visits, phone calls, letters, and all the information and clues we were 
getting. The elders in our family would become young again - just 
reliving those moments in the old pictures. They became the most valuable 
members of the family, our connection with our history.

In October, 1991, the committee of two (Agnes and me) set July 11, 1992 
as the BIG DAY. We reserved a park in Steven Point, designed T-shirts, 
and sent out 150 letters. The response was overwhelming. Information 
poured in, and 300 letters were sent out in the second mailing!

I entered the family names, dates and places as I received them daily 
into My Brother's Keeper program, and sent copies to a cousin in 
Illinois. She created a family tree book. Another cousin printed an 
address/telephone book, and yet another put together a family history 
book, with pictures, articles and stories. My gift to the family reunion 
was a video tape with a collection of 208 pictures of our family, with 
the appropriate music as an accompaniment. The tape included the wedding 
pictures of our great- grand parents and their eleven children. A small 
theatre was set up for the people to view the tape at the reunion. The 
showing resulted in many tears being shed.

Numerous articles were published in the Steven Point Journal, including a 
front page feature with a picture of my grandparents, Frank and Frances 
Kawlewski. We collected prizes for an auction. The Wisla Polish Folk 
Dancers and the Country Musicians in authentic costumes were hired to 
perform. A local historian spoke about the village in Poland where our 
great-grandparents came from, and then presented us with a container of 
soil she brought back from her trip there. Another cousin spoke to us 
about the contributions Polish people have made to the history of the 
United States.

We thought 350 family members would attend this first reunion, but the 
final count showed that 550 paid to come to the party - and some sneaked 
in without paying! The food was incredible. Have you ever attended a pot 
luck for 550? The women took charge of the kitchen; non-alcoholic beer in 
kegs and cold drinks were provided.

Special parking signs were painted by an artist cousin, and the men 
directed traffic. At one point I stood in amazement as I looked at the 
cars in the parking areas and the people in line for food. I was very 
proud of our accomplishments.

The morning of the reunion a special Mass was held at the Catholic Church 
for the Kawlewski Family. Literally hundreds of Kawlewskis have been 
married, baptized and buried there. All of the participants except the 
priest were related. The choir, the altar boy, the flagbearers, speakers 
and communion givers all were relatives. Songs were specially chosen for 
the service - some of which were in Polish. I was given a large Polish 
flag by the family as thanks for my efforts in doing the family history 
and chairing the first Kawlewski Family Reunion.

We now have a large committee to plan the next reunion. My sister is co-
chairperson. A larger park has been reserved. A cookbook is in the 
process of being written and assembled for the next reunion. Two large 
branches of the family have been located in Chester, Illinois, and in 
Gulcz, Poland. A Polish cousin just sent us her wedding picture which 
included everyone who attended. At least half could be our relatives!

The date of our next reunion is August 21, 1993. We would not be 
surprised if 600 or 700 attend this next pot luck dinner.

The Kawleski Family

		Our grandfather and great-grandfather, Frank 
Kawlewski/Kawleski, his wife, Frances Surma, and four children, Antone, 
Michael, William and Pauline, arrived in the United States on June 22, 
1881 (111 years ago), leaving family and friends behind in Gulcz, Poland. 
A half-brother, Mikoloj Gollon, and his family also came to Portage 
County about that time.

		In researching records in Poland, we learned that families 
suffered many hardships and illnesses (a lot of diphtheria and deaths in 
childbirth), with no medical supplies, etc. We found the same suffering 
on the ships coming over also.

		The Kawleskis went to Chicago, where Anna and Ella were born.

		The Stevens Point area was their destination, especially 
since the land was much like the land in Poland, also along a river. In 
1886, the family settled in Junction City, where they farmed and had five 
more children, Joseph, Peter, Max, Mary and Frank Jr.

		Frank and Frances Kawleski acquired two farms, one on River 
Road and one on Ridge Road in Junction City. The farms are still owned by 
Kawleskis, namely Louis and Edwin Kawleski. We now have over 1,000 
descendants recorded in our genealogy. There are still a lot of 
descendants living in Portage County, on both sides of the river, and 
have acquired more property in Portage County, carrying on the Kawleski 

		In the early years, life was simple and a lot of hard work 
for survival. There was no running water or electricity and money was 
scarce. Many items were gotten on the barter system. Families worked 
together and helped each other. Barn-raising by family and friends made 
the job easier. Women made their own soap, churned their own butter, had 
quilting and husking bees, mattresses were made from corn husks or hay, 
stuffed into ticking or material. Wow, were these noisy! A summer house 
was a necessity to cook huge amounts of food and for canning and where 
meat was processed. This kept the main house cooler, where there were no 
conveniences. When fish were in abundance, the men brought them in for 
the women to smoke for the winter. Pork was salted in barrels, as this 
was the only way to preserve the meat. The farmers worked the fields with 
horses and a lot of work was done by hand in planting and harvesting.

		The first automobile accident case was held in Portage County 
on March 21, 1908, against Dr. Gregory, by Frank Kawleski. The accident 
occurred on Sunday afternoon, Sept. 1, 1907, when Dr. Gregory's 
automobile frightened the Kawleski team and the wagon overturned with 
Frank, Frances and two daughters and two sons in the wagon, suffering 

		For entertainment, we remember barn dances, card parties and 
the grain threshing was a big event. Weddings were a big family affair,

		The children were baptized at St. Casimir's Church and most 
were married at the same church. The Kawleski family was instrumental in 
the construction of St. Casimir's Church.

		The descendants, numbering over 1,000 at present, are 
planning a family reunion at Iverson Park on July 11, 1992, starting with 
a family Mass at St. Casimir's Church.

Submitted by
Agnes Kawleski Golla 

Jeanne Cyra Tanghe 
Livermore, Calif.


The following article is reprinted as it originally appeared in the 
California Genealogical Society publication, Summer 1992. It has also 
been printed in various other Bay Area genealogical publications, so we 
thought we would print it as well!


		Madly hunting for a strayed ancestor in a welter of papers, 
certificates, pedigree charts, and family group sheets, you are bound to 
wonder whether it might be worthwhile to apply a computer to the problem 
of organizing all that genealogical information - especially if carrying 
papers is giving you a backache and your patient spouse is worried because 
you asked for a filing cabinet as a holiday gift. Members of the CGS 
Computer Interest Group obviously think it is worthwhile, and they've put 
together some answers to basic questions you may not have even formulated 

Q. Can a computer really help me deal with the welter of genealogical 
details I've collected or plan to find?

A. Yes! Computers and genealogy are perfect partners!

		Genealogy software programs that record the results of your 
research are readily available. You enter information about individuals 
and link them as spouses and to their parents and children. These are 
specialized data-base management programs, similar to the kind you'd use 
for an address file. Where your address file provides the same 
information - name, address, phone, number - for everyone in it, a 
genealogy program includes name plus date and place of birth, marriage, 
and death. The most important difference, however, is that in a standard 
database program, all the records are independent of each other. If the 
Smiths move, the Browns aren't affected. But a genealogy program has to 
link records to each other internally, spouses to each other, and parents 
to children. Another difference is that a genealogy program needs to know 
about the change from the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar, and 
has to be able to handle dates in the mixed form "23 March 1699/1700. "

A genealogy program should:

		Have unlimited file size. If you want to include all the 
relatives or everyone in town, showing all the intermarriages, you should 
be able to do so.

		Be able to use the full ASCII character set to record names 
in their original spelling.

		Be able to read from and write to a file that can be read by 
another genealogical program. The standard of exchange is a plain-text 
File in GEDCOM (GEnealogical Data COMmuriications) format.

		Be able to furnish you with satisfactory output. It should 
print pedigree charts and family group sheets - the staples of research - 
but should also give you sorted lists on any field you choose.

		Be able to let you do most or all your data entry and 
updating from the "lineage-link" mode, which shows you onscreen an 
individual, his parents, and grandparents, and allows you to move up, 
down, and around his immediate family tree.

		A genealogy program can also offer other useful features: It 
can let you build other types of charts, such as one that shows all 
someone's ancestors, or all someone's descendants, either indented by 
generation or in the ahnentafel format. (Ahnentafel is a German word for 
a family chart on which #1 is the person whose genealogy is being traced, 
#2 is his or her father, #3 is the mother, etc. in a numbered list.)

		A program named Tracer automatically writes a short biography 
on request.

		Another program, Roots III, allows you to tag individual 
records. For instance, if you tag everyone in the family who had some 
particular trait or disease, such as cancer or alcoholism, you can print 
a chart (a genogram) that highlights the tagged relatives to give you a 
visual display worth more than 1,000 words.

		Various programs also handle dates in special forms, such as 
Jewish notation for bar Mitzvahs, which is something to look for when you 
select a program.

Q. How can I find the program that's right for me?

A. A number of popular programs are available for the various brands of 
personal computers. If you already have a computer, some of the decisions 
are already made. Some programs are suitable for several brands of 
computer, whereas others specialize in a particular "platform."

		The best way to find the right program is probably to try 
them out at a genealogical fair, where several programs will probably be 
on display for potential customers to try out. You can also read reviews 
about genealogy programs in the general-audience genealogical magazines, 
or in Genealogical Computing. (If you are already a computer user and 
might be interested in testing and reviewing new programs, Genealogical 
Computing is looking for volunteers.)

		The most popular programs right now are the LDS Personal 
Ancestor File (current version PAF2.1) and its derivatives, and Commsoft 
Software's Roots (current version Roots III). Both are excellent; neither 
is perfect. PAF costs about $40; Roots III costs about $200. PAF is 
available for IBM PC-compatible computers and the Apple Macintosh; Roots 
III is available only for the PC, but Commsoft has released Sesame, a 
program available in both PC and Mac versions.

		Other programs include Tracer, a program for PCs written by 
Wayne Shepard, production editor of The Nugget, and Family Roots, one 
written in Massachusetts by Quinsept for the PC, Apple II, and Commodore 
computers, to name just a few.

Q. What other programs would be useful?

A. Lots. A standard data-base management program can keep track of all 
the libraries you've ever visited in your genealogical research, all 
the reference books and microfilm you've ever consulted, all the useful 
(and irrelevant) material that was in them... Well you have the idea. 
What better than a word processing program to continually revise the life 
story of great-great-grandmother Gertrude, or to keep the texts of wills, 
obituaries, letters, and diaries? And what better gift than a neatly 
bound transcription of these same letters and diaries? When you ask a 
relative for information, it's customary to offer to share any additional 
information that you may acquire. If a distant relative has gone to a 
great deal of trouble and expense to copy information for you, you have a 
moral obligation to share new information, so keep an address book. 
Having updated your own file with the newest discoveries, you can use the 
mail merge features of your word processor to write a single form letter 
covering the new information, then send off individually addressed copies 
to each interested cousin. A program intended to produce organization 
charts for a Board of Directors will product descendency charts for your 
ancestor or relationship charts showing how distant a cousin you are to 
George Washington or the Prince of Wales.

Q. What's available beyond my desktop computer?

A. If you acquire a modem and locate the right phone number, you can 
connect with bulletin boards for genealogical users and with networks 
that have genealogical discussion topics. The on-line giants such as 
CompuServe and GEnie have genealogical bulletin boards and on-line 
conferences. The National Genealogical Conference system (actually 
international) not only circulates your queries around the world in 24 
hours, but also runs its own Tafel Matching Service.

		To use the matching service, you upload a "Tiny Tafel," and 
every name in it is matched with every other name on the system. Soon you 
receive a report that lists all the matching names and the patrons who 
are researching them. If they look like your own family, you can get in 
touch with the other patrons via the board, by electronic mail, or by the 
post office (good-naturedly called "snail mail" by aficionados).

		Some genealogy programs, such as Roots III and Tracer, will 
compile the Tiny-Tafel from your data files. Alternatively, you can write 
one yourself with a word processor. Also available are stand-alone 
utility programs, such as TinyTafel for the Macintosh, that will compile 
a Tiny-Tafel from your input. The chart on this page shows a sample 

		The first three lines identify the user, and the next three 
identify her computer hardware and software. The rest of the lines give 
genealogical data, each one providing; first, the Soundex code for the 
name; second, the earliest date for anyone of that name; third, the 
latest date for anyone of that name; fourth, the name itself followed by 
the earliest place it occurs/latest place it occurs.

Q. Wbat does the future of genealogical computing 1cok like?

A. We eagerly await the perfect Hypercard genealogy program (or "stack") 
with multimedia storage of words, graphs, pictures, and sound. It would 
enable a researcher to go from a screen of a pedigree chart to individual 
information on any person on the chart; or start with a family group 
sheet showing a person as either parent or child, then hop to a screen of 
biography for that person, then to copies of any written records (deeds, 
wills, military information, etc.), then to maps or portraits, or to a 
timeline of events of the day, or to a picture of the family home or 
tombstones - perhaps with recorded voices telling family stories.

		We eagerly await ancestral information available on-line from 
genealogy libraries by modem, or on CD-ROM disks.

		We eagerly await more and more indexes readily available for 
computer search, of which we could ask, "Give me all the Spencers you 
have in Maryland, please."

		Eventually a scanner/digitizer will be available that can 
read original records and interpret worst-case cacography (bad 

		Many historical societies are indexing local records. We'd 
like to see those indexes available not just locally, or centrally, but 
generally. According to some experts, 36 square feet of CD-ROM disk is 
enough space to record the entire written output of mankind. Oh, were it 
recorded and accessible!

- Ann SHARP and Ted SWIFT


N Jane Doe
A 1234 Elm Street
A Anytown, CA 91234
D F Tracer
Z 16
B530 1625 1655 BOND/NEWBUR, ESSEX, MA


The Jewish West End Project has been formed to gather information, 
memories and memorabilia in order to provide a history of the background 
and everyday life of the Jewish community in London's West End from late 
1800's until recent times. The objectives are to hold a Major Exhibition 
in 1994 and to assemble a permanent collection of material within the 
Museum, and to produce a written account of the findings as an authentic 
record of life in the Jewish West End. (Popular interest in the history 
of the Jewish East End of London has burgeoned over the past decade. 
However, the existence of an equivalent Jewish immigrant community in the 
West End has been largely overlooked.) The area defined as the "West 
End" for the purposes of the Project lies within the boundaries of Euston 
Road - Grays Inn Road - Theobalds Road - New Oxford Street - Shaftesbury 
Avenue - Cambridge Circus - Charing Cross Road - Leicester Square - 
Regents Street - Oxford Street - Marble Arch and Gloucester Place.

A Research Committee has been established under the auspices of The 
London Museum of Jewish Life. Some of the members are historians, but 
most are Westenders, enthusiasts who are devoting many hours on a 
voluntary basis to research and capture the story of our heritage. This 
fascinating and rewarding project is being fueled by wonderful material 
from the Westenders in the form of photos and memorabilia relating to all 
aspects of life.

The Research Committee is chaired by Mrs. Sally Fiber, 8 New Farm Lane, 
Northwood, Middlesex, HA6 1HD, England. She would like to hear from 
anyone interested in contributing ANY family history information that can 
be used in the exhibit. Moreover, Mrs. Fiber is particularly interested 
in tracing all former Jewish West Enders who attended the Jews 
Westminster Free School, the West Central Boys Club (which was in Fitzroy 
Square), and the West Central Girls Club (which was run by Lily Montagu).

I have a personal interest in seeing that the Project goes forth, as my 
father's grandparents, Joseph and Rosa VICTOR and Solomon and Hannah 
ABRAHAMS, emigrated from Russia in the 1880s and were vibrant forces in 
this community. If any of you think you have anything to contribute to 
the Project, I, too, would be pleased to hear from you and offer guidance 
in preparation of materials to be sent to England.

David Abrahams			

T I D B I T 


Disowned? Maybe not. If your ancestor wasn't listed in his Father's 
will, he may have been given land as a wedding gift or given his portion 
of the inheritance during his father's lifetime, and then not mentioned 
in the will. Write to the County Clerk and ask if the ancestor is listed 
in the Deed of Gift Book. You may have to try several counties if they 
moved around. (From Orange Co, CA Gen. Soc. NL, 1989)


The following news notes are copied from various editions of the 
Livermore Herald and the Livermore Echo newspapers. L-AGS wishes to 
thank Barbara Bunshah of the Livermore Heritage Guild for providing these 
interesting personal news bits.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 15 January 1893:

	The reception given on last Fri. night by Angelita PARLOR, NDGW in 
honor of Mrs. Daniel INMAN who enjoys the distinction of being the 
oldest Native Daughter in the state, was a highly successful affair. 
(Dancing, supper, speeches and more dancing - until 4 A.M.! 
constituted the evening's program).

From the Livermore Echo, week of 1 February 1893:

	Jas. L. BRUCE, who is an expert at the business, now has several 
dogs in hand which he is training for hunting purposes, and expects 
to receive a number of others from San Francisco during the next few 

	Among the grand jurors selected from Murray Township were A. J. 
McLEOD and H. H. PITCHER of Livermore.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 22 February 1893:

	Fred SCHOENSTEDT is putting steam power into his blacksmith and 
machine shop. The boiler, etc. arrived Tuesday.

	L. C. CULL has pulled up his 9-acre vineyard and sown the ground 
with Chevalier barley.

From the Livermore Echo, week of 22 March 1893:

	Mr. J. J. ADAMS of the Candy Palace is enlarging his premises with 
the addition of a brick building large enough to allow commercial 
manufacture of candy. The front portion of the old building will 
become an ice-cream parlor and soda fountain.

From the Livermore Herald, week of 1 February 1918:

	First Women Jurors in County Are Drawn: Mrs. Nelly FARLEY of this 
place headed list of initial panel.

	Miss Beatrice HARVEY of this place took the examination for 
yeomanette in the naval service last Friday. She passed the 
examination successfully and was assigned to the second class. (Her) 
duties will be those of file clerk and stenographer at one of the 
recruiting stations in San Francisco.

From the Livermore Herald, week of 8 February 1918:

	Mrs. Minna MALLY, a pioneer resident of Livermore died after a 
short illness.

From the Livermore Herald, week of 8 March 1918:

	Miss Beatrice HARVEY, the only Livermore girl actively in naval 
service and entitled to wear a uniform, was at home on a brief 
furlough last week. Yeomanette HARVEY in her uniform was the envy of 
all the girls and the young men found her equally attractive.

From the Livermore Herald, week of 22 March 1918:

	N. D. DUTCHER, Jr. has purchased a new Chandler "Six" touring car.

From the Livermore Herald, week of 22 April, 1943:

	High School principal Vernon J. STOLTZ began a series of 
discussions of the High School in War Time as part of Public Schools 
Week celebrations.



ABRAHAMS, David	Jewish Genealogical Society of Great Britain
ABRAHAMS, David	SF Bay Area Jewish Genealogical Society
ABRAHAMS, Jolene	Knowles/Knoles Family Association
ANDERSON, George & Harriet	Blue Earth County, MN, Historical Society
ANDERSON, George & Harriet	Eastern Kentucky Genealogical Society
ANDERSON, George & Harriet	National Genealogical Society
BEVARD, Dorothy	Arkansas Historical Society
BEVARD, Dorothy	Arkansas Professional Genealogists
BEVARD, Dorothy	Bevard Family Association
BEVARD, Dorothy	Clark Co., Arkansas, Historical Society
BEVARD, Dorothy	Hard-E-Facts Bolivar, Hardeman Co., Tenn.
BEVARD, Dorothy	Pike Co., Arkansas, Historical Society
CONVERSE, Louise	Carroll County, Virginia, Historical Society
CONVERSE, Louise	Fayette/Raleigh County, West Virginia, G. S.
CONVERSE, Louise	Russell County, Virginia, Historical Society
CONVERSE, Louise	Southwestern Virginia Genealogical Society
ELM, Kathleen	Hamilton National Genealogical Society
HELMS, Dorothy	Howard Co. Genealogical Society, Kokomo, IN
HELMS, Dorothy	Kane Co. Genealogical Society, Geneva, IL
HELMS, Dorothy	Kaufman Co. Genealogical Society, Terrell, TX
HELMS, Dorothy	Marshall Co. Historical Society, N. Lewisburg, TN
HELMS, Dorothy	Miami Co. Genealogical Society, Paola, KS
HELMS, Dorothy	Nevada Co. Genealogical Society, Cedar Ridge, CA
HELMS, Dorothy	Newton Co. H. S., Neosha, Missouri
HELMS, Dorothy	Placer Co. Genealogical Society, Auburn, CA
HOLBROOK, Elmond	The Castor Association of America
JAMIESON, Burna	Centre Co., PA, Genealogical Society
JAMIESON, Burna	Dodge Co., MN, Genealogical Society
JAMIESON, Burna	Glasgow & West of Scotland Family History Society
LIGHTFOOT, Mary	Clan Hamilton Society, Missouri
LIGHTFOOT, Mary	Data Diggers, Johnson Co., TX
LIGHTFOOT, Mary	Dixon Family Newsletter, MD
LIGHTFOOT, Mary	Hamilton Nat'l Genealogical Society, Missouri
LIGHTFOOT, Mary	Hill County, TX, Genealogical Society
LIGHTFOOT, Mary	South Central Kentucky Genealogical Society
LIGHTFOOT, Mary	Southside Virginian
LINDSEY, David		Dallas County East Genealogical Society
McCUE, Erma 		San Ramon, CA, Genealogical Society
McCUE, Erma 		Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society
MICHELS, Charles		Cuyahoga West Chapter, Ohio Genealgocial Society
MICHELS, Charles		The Newberry Library, Chicago, IL
MOORE, Virginia		Fresno, CA, Genealogical Society
MORRIS, Beverly		Osman Family News
MORRIS, Beverly		Twin Tiers Genealogical Society, Elmira, NY
MORRIS, Beverly		Western PA Genealogical Society, Pittsburgh
NEWBURY, Dixie		Bradford Co., Pennsylvania, Historcial Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		Calhoun Family Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		Hamilton Family Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		Lancaster Co., PA, Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		New Hampshire Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		Newbury/ Newberry Family Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		Scott Family Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		Washington Co., NC, Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		Western Pennsylvania Genealogical Society
NEWBURY, Dixie		York Co., PA, Genealogical Society
PERSON, Judy		Cooke Family Association
PERSON, Judy		DeKalb County Genealogical Society, Sycamore Grove, IL
PERSON, Judy		McLean County Genealogical Society, Bloomington, IL
PERSON, Judy		Rowley Family Association
PERSON, Judy		Sabin Family Association
PERSON, Judy		Sharp Family Association
ROCKHOLD, Chuck		International PAF Users Group
ROCKHOLD, Chuck		National Genealogy Society
STOUT, Marge		American Historical Society of Germans from Russia
STOUT, Marge		Germans from Russia Heritage Society
WALDEN, John		Upshur Co. Genealogical Society, Buckhannm, WV
ZIOMEK, Felicia		American Genealogical Lending Library
ZIOMEK, Felicia		Chicago Genealogical Society
ZIOMEK, Felicia		Czechoslovakia Genealogical Society
ZIOMEK, Felicia		Heritage Quest
ZIOMEK, Felicia		Irish Genealogical Society
ZIOMEK, Felicia		Polish Genealogical Society


TIDBITS have been copied from several other publications. Reader 
contributions, both original and copies, are hereby solicited. They will 
be published in future Roots Tracers as space permits. Look for them 
throughout the publication!


Did you know?

Usually an addressed envelope that is typed reaches the address in a 
large city one day earlier than does a hand-written envelope. The 
optical scanners read the address starting with the Zip Code, the state, 
then city, with street address or box number just above. If there is an 
"attn" at the bottom left, the envelope will be kicked out by the scanner 
and held until a human eye can sort it. If the box number is where all 
mail should be sent, put it after the street address and just before the 
city, state, and Zip Code. Whenever possible, use the Zip plus 4 digits, 
which may give a day earlier service as the 4 digits pinpoint your 
location more precisely. (From Prince George Co. Bulletin, Pas. Gen. 
Soc. NI and Williams Co, O Gen. Soc. NL)


UMI out-of-print Books on Demand is a service that reprints genealogy 
books no longer available. You may order a catalog of titles from UMI, A 
Bell & Howell Co., 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346 or call 
toll-free 1-800-521-3042. They have over 114,000 titles and the cost for 
paperback or hard cover is fairly reasonable. Good Luck. (From Ruth 
Betts on the Prodigy genealogy bulletin board, 01/12/93)

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